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Linguistic polarization and conflict in the Basque Country

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  • Javier Gardeazabal

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Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between linguistic polarization and conflict in the Basque Country. During the 40 years of Franco's dictatorship the use of the Basque language was banned. Therefore, there may be some linguistic roots underlying the conflict in the Basque Country. We show that at the municipality level, linguistic polarization reduces the level of conflict. This finding is robust to various ways of measuring linguistic and ideological polarization and the inclusion of other covariates. In addition, we find that a high level of the stock of human capital is beneficial for reducing conflict intensity.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11127-011-9869-9
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

Volume (Year): 149 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 405-425

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Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:149:y:2011:i:3:p:405-425

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

Related research

Keywords: Linguistic polarization; Fractionalization; Terrorism; Conflict;

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  14. Klaus Desmet & Ignacio Ortuño-Ortín & Romain Wacziarg, 2009. "The political economy of ethnolinguistic cleavages," Working Papers 2009-17, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.
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Cited by:
  1. Todd Sandler, 2011. "The many faces of counterterrorism: an introduction," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 149(3), pages 225-234, December.

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