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Candidate uncertainty, mental models, and complexity: Some experimental results

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  • Michael Ensley

    ()

  • Scott Marchi
  • Michael Munger

Abstract

Since the work of Downs (1957), spatial models of elections have been a mainstay of research in political science and public choice. Despite the plethora of theoretical and empirical research involving spatial models, researchers have not considered in great detail the complexity of the decision task that a candidate confronts. Two facets of a candidate’s decision process are investigated here, using a set of laboratory experiments where subjects face a fixed incumbent in a two-dimensional policy space. First, we analyze the effect that the complexity of the electoral landscape has on the ability of the subject to defeat the incumbent. Second, we analyze the impact that a subject’s “mental model” (which we infer from a pre-experiment questionnaire) has on her performance. The experimental results suggest that the complexity of a candidate’s decision task and her perception of the task may be important factors in electoral competition. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

Volume (Year): 132 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 (July)
Pages: 231-246

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Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:132:y:2007:i:1:p:231-246

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

Related research

Keywords: Elections; Experiment; Incumbency; Spatial models; Complexity;

References

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  1. Denzau, Arthur T & North, Douglass C, 1994. "Shared Mental Models: Ideologies and Institutions," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 3-31.
  2. Coates, Dennis, 1995. " Measuring the "Personal Vote" of Members of Congress," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 85(3-4), pages 227-48, December.
  3. Rick K. Wilson, 2005. "Classroom Games: Candidate Convergence," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 913-922, April.
  4. Cox, Gary W. & Katz, Jonathan N., 1995. "Why Did The Incumbency Advantage In U.S. House Elections Grow?," Working Papers, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences 939, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
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Cited by:
  1. Darren Grant & Michael Toma, 2007. "Elemental Tests of the Traditional Rational Voting Model," Working Papers 0709, Sam Houston State University, Department of Economics and International Business.

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