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Monetary Policy in Estimated Models of Small Open and Closed Economies

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  • Ali Dib

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Abstract

The author develops and estimates a quantitative dynamic-optimizing model of a small open economy (SOE) with domestic and import price stickiness and capital-adjustment costs. A monetary policy rule allows the central bank to systematically manage the short-term nominal interest rate in response to deviations of inflation, output, and money growth from their steadystate levels. The structural parameters of the SOE model, as well as those of a sticky-price model for a closed economy (CE), are estimated econometrically using data from Canada and the United States and a maximum-likelihood procedure with a Kalman filter. Estimation results show that the SOE and CE models lead to similar estimates for the Canadian economy. Furthermore, the effects of monetary policy shocks, and of other domestic shocks, generated in the SOE model are isomorphic to those generated in the CE model. Nevertheless, the forecast-error decomposition shows that the importance of domestic demand shocks is reduced by the introduction of foreign shocks.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11079-010-9173-1
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Open Economies Review.

Volume (Year): 22 (2011)
Issue (Month): 5 (November)
Pages: 769-796

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Handle: RePEc:kap:openec:v:22:y:2011:i:5:p:769-796

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100323

Related research

Keywords: Monetary policy; Price stickiness; Small open and closed economies; E31; E52; F2; F3;

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References

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  1. V.V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2002. "Can sticky price models generate volatile and persistent real exchange rates?," Staff Report 277, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  2. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel, 2002. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through, Exchange Rate Volatility, and Exchange Rate Disconnect," NBER Working Papers 8858, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Peter N. Ireland, 2000. "Sticky-Price Models of the Business Cycle: Specification and Stability," NBER Working Papers 7511, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Bouakez, Hafedh & Rebei, Nooman, 2008. "Has exchange rate pass-through really declined? Evidence from Canada," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 249-267, July.
  5. Jordi Gali & Tommaso Monacelli, 2002. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," NBER Working Papers 8905, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Alejandro Justiniano & Bruce Preston, 2008. "Can Structural Small Open Economy Models Account for the Influence of Foreign Disturbances?," NBER Working Papers 14547, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  8. Hafedh Bouakez, 2002. "Nominal Rigidity, Desired Markup Variations, and Real Exchange Rate Persistence," Working Papers 02-26, Bank of Canada.
  9. Ali Dib & Mohamed Gammoudi & Kevin Moran, 2006. "Forecasting Canadian Time Series With the New-Keynesian Model," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 382, Central Bank of Chile.
  10. Nooman Rebei & Steven Ambler & Ali Dib, 2004. "Optimal Taylor Rules in an Estimated Model of a Small Open Economy," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 627, Econometric Society.
  11. Ali Dib, 2001. "An Estimated Canadian DSGE Model with Nominal and Real Rigidities," Working Papers 01-26, Bank of Canada.
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  17. Adolfson, Malin & Laseen, Stefan & Linde, Jesper & Villani, Mattias, 2007. "Bayesian estimation of an open economy DSGE model with incomplete pass-through," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 481-511, July.
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  23. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kahn, Charles M, 1980. "The Solution of Linear Difference Models under Rational Expectations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(5), pages 1305-11, July.
  24. Ali Dib, 2002. "Nominal Rigidities and Monetary Policy in Canada Since 1981," Working Papers 02-25, Bank of Canada.
  25. Alejandro Justiniano & Selim Elekdag & Ivan Tchakarov, 2005. "An Estimated Small Open Economy Model of the Financial Accelerator," IMF Working Papers 05/44, International Monetary Fund.
  26. Jordi Gali & Tommaso Monacelli, 1999. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 438, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 15 Nov 1999.
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  28. Francisco Covas & Yahong Zhang, 2010. "Price-level versus inflation targeting with financial market imperfections," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 43(4), pages 1302-1332, November.
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  30. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Alejandro Justiniano & Bruce Preston, 2010. "Monetary policy and uncertainty in an empirical small open-economy model," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(1), pages 93-128.
  2. Danny Leung, 2008. "Markups in Canada: Have They Changed and Why?," Working Papers 08-8, Bank of Canada.
  3. Nooman Rebei & Steven Ambler & Ali Dib, 2004. "Optimal Taylor Rules in an Estimated Model of a Small Open Economy," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 627, Econometric Society.
  4. Lindé, Jesper & Nessén, Marianne & Söderström, Ulf, 2004. "Monetary Policy in an Estimated Open-Economy Model with Imperfect Pass-Through," Working Paper Series 167, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  5. Ali Dib & Mohamed Gammoudi & Kevin Moran, 2006. "Forecasting Canadian Time Series With the New-Keynesian Model," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 382, Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Lubik, Thomas A. & Schorfheide, Frank, 2007. "Do central banks respond to exchange rate movements? A structural investigation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 1069-1087, May.
  7. Steve Ambler & Ali Dib & Nooman Rebei, 2003. "Nominal Rigidities and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in a Structural Model of a Small Open Economy," Working Papers 03-29, Bank of Canada.
  8. Atta-Mensah, Joseph & Dib, Ali, 2008. "Bank lending, credit shocks, and the transmission of Canadian monetary policy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 159-176.
  9. Nooman Rebei, 2004. "Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Fiscal Shocks in a Small Open Economy," Working Papers 04-41, Bank of Canada.
  10. Thomas Lubik & Frank Schorfheide, 2005. "A Bayesian Look at New Open Economy Macroeconomics," Economics Working Paper Archive 521, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
  11. Meenakshi Basant Roi & Rhys R. Mendes, 2007. "Should Central Banks Adjust Their Target Horizons in Response to House-Price Bubbles?," Discussion Papers 07-4, Bank of Canada.
  12. Pytlarczyk, Ernest, 2005. "An estimated DSGE model for the German economy within the euro area," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2005,33, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  13. Eva Ortega & Nooman Rebei, 2006. "The Welfare Implications of Inflation versus Price-Level Targeting in a Two-Sector, Small Open Economy," Working Papers 06-12, Bank of Canada.
  14. Riccardo Cristadoro & Andrea Gerali & Stefano Neri & Massimiliano Pisani, 2006. "Nominal Rigidities in an Estimated Two Country," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 162, Society for Computational Economics.

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