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The third mission stalled? Universities in China’s technological progress

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  • Weiping Wu

    ()

  • Yu Zhou

    ()

Abstract

This paper outlines China’s progress in developing endogenous capacity for knowledge diffusion and commercialization in the higher education sector. Despite a promising start in the 1980s and early 1990s, academic technology transfer has not kept pace with rapid growth of the country’s overall technological endeavors. But there is evidence of institutional evolution in that university-industry linkages are moving from more hierarchical and rigid forms established under the centrally planned economy into more flexible and market-based arrangements. After probing what underscores the stalling of universities’ new found mission, the paper offers layered policy suggestions on what can be done to overcome the conundrum. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10961-011-9233-8
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Volume (Year): 37 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
Pages: 812-827

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Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:37:y:2012:i:6:p:812-827

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104998

Related research

Keywords: University-industry linkages (UILs); Technology transfer; R&D; Innovation; Higher education reform; China; O33 I23;

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References

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  1. Eun, Jong-Hak & Lee, Keun & Wu, Guisheng, 2006. "Explaining the "University-run enterprises" in China: A theoretical framework for university-industry relationship in developing countries and its application to China," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1329-1346, November.
  2. Henderson, R. & Jaffe, A.B.: Tratenberg, M., 1995. "Universities as a Source of Commercial Technology: A Detailed Analysis of University Patenting 1965-1988," Papers 09-95, Tel Aviv.
  3. Weiping Wu, 2010. "Managing and incentivizing research commercialization in Chinese Universities," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 203-224, April.
  4. Joanna Poyago-Theotoky & John Beath & Donald S. Siegel, 2002. "Universities and Fundamental Research: Reflections on the Growth of University--Industry Partnerships," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(1), pages 10-21, Spring.
  5. Liefner, Ingo & Schiller, Daniel, 2008. "Academic capabilities in developing countries--A conceptual framework with empirical illustrations from Thailand," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 276-293, March.
  6. Rory O’Shea & Harveen Chugh & Thomas Allen, 2008. "Determinants and consequences of university spinoff activity: a conceptual framework," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 33(6), pages 653-666, December.
  7. Yu Zhou & Yifei Sun & Y. H. Dennis Wei & George C. S. Lin, 2011. "De-centering 'spatial fix'--patterns of territorialization and regional technological dynamism of ICT hubs in China," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 119-150, January.
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