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What drives patenting and commerzialisation activity at East German universities? The role of new public policy, institutional environment and individual prior knowledge

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  • Heike Grimm

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  • Johannes Jaenicke
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    Abstract

    New public policy enacted in Germany in 2002, intends to increase the number of patent registrations of academic entrepreneurs, and facilitate the commercialization and spillover of innovation generated at public universities. Results from a survey amongst university patentees in two new German Laender, Thuringia and Saxony, accomplished in 2009, are reported focusing on government policy, university support, and the role of technology transfer in an organizational and cultural context. Using a two-step cluster analysis, the survey data are used to profile the patentees and to investigate whether personal attributes and institutional environment contribute to academic entrepreneurship. Empirical findings show that advanced age and non-university working experience contribute significantly to entrepreneurial behavior. New public policy contributes to facilitate patent registrations, but professional expertise for the commercialization of knowledge as well as financial and organizational support schemes needs further improvement. This explains why patent registrations have slightly increased but also why universities report very low levels of commercialization through entrepreneurship. We offer policy recommendations to overcome the existent barriers, among them, the professionalization of technology transfer or targeted marketing for registered patents. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10961-010-9195-2
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal The Journal of Technology Transfer.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 4 (August)
    Pages: 454-477

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:37:y:2012:i:4:p:454-477

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104998

    Related research

    Keywords: Patents; Academic entrepreneurship; University technology transfer; Commercialization of university research; Entrepreneurship policy; Government instruments; Cluster analysis; O31; O32; O38; C83;

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    1. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2003. "Bottom-up versus top-down policies towards the commercialization of university intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 639-658, April.
    2. Edith de Leeuw, 2001. "Reducing Missing Data in Surveys: An Overview of Methods," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 147-160, May.
    3. Link, Albert N. & Scott, John T., 2010. "Government as entrepreneur: Evaluating the commercialization success of SBIR projects," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 589-601, June.
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    7. David B. Audretsch & Heike M. Grimm & Stephan Schuetze, 2009. "Local Strategies within a European Policy Framework," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 463-486, March.
    8. Sean M. Hackett & David M. Dilts, 2004. "A Systematic Review of Business Incubation Research," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 55-82, 01.
    9. Lockett, Andy & Wright, Mike & Franklin, Stephen, 2003. " Technology Transfer and Universities' Spin-Out Strategies," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 185-200, March.
    10. Mowery, David C. & Ziedonis, Arvids A., 2002. "Academic patent quality and quantity before and after the Bayh-Dole act in the United States," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 399-418, March.
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