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Patenting and Invention Activity of U.S. Scientists and Engineers in the Academic Sector: Comparisons with Industry

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  • Morgan, Robert P
  • Kruytbosch, Carlos
  • Kannankutty, Nirmala
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    Abstract

    Analyses have been performed of the patenting and invention activity of U.S. scientists and engineers (S&Es) in the academic sector and comparisons have been made with their counterparts in industry. The analyses are based upon survey questions concerning patent applications, grant awards and commercialization outcomes from two 1995 National Science Foundation (NSF) nationally representative workforce surveys. A series of new indicators--patent activity rates, patent activity shares and patent success rates--has been defined and utilized to examine patent activity by employment sector, educational field, demographic variables, status and location of university faculty, technological area, and selected S&E job characteristics. It is recommended that NSF collect data on patenting activity, including commercialization outcomes, in its surveys of the S&E workforce at least every four years. Data should also be collected on university-industry collaboration in patent activity in the U.S., and between S&Es in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Technology Transfer.

    Volume (Year): 26 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1-2 (January)
    Pages: 173-83

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:26:y:2001:i:1-2:p:173-83

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104998

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    Cited by:
    1. Svensson, Roger, 2006. "Innovation Performance and Government Financing," Working Paper Series 664, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 30 Sep 2006.
    2. Gauthier-Loiselle, Marjolaine & Hunt, Jennifer, 2009. "How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7116, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Svensson, Roger, 2008. "Renewal of Patents and Government Financing," Working Paper Series 759, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    4. Hunt, Jennifer, 2010. "Which Immigrants Are Most Innovative and Entrepreneurial: Distinctions by Entry Visa," CEPR Discussion Papers 7699, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Serkan Atmaca, 2011. "Patents from the Academe: A Methodology Research for the Analysis of University Patents and Preliminary Findings for Turkey," STPS Working Papers 1101, STPS - Science and Technology Policy Studies Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Dec 2011.
    6. Norbäck, Pehr-Johan & Persson, Lars & Svensson, Roger, 2009. "Creative Destruction and Productive Preemption," Working Paper Series 799, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    7. Barry Bozeman & Daniel Fay & Catherine Slade, 2013. "Research collaboration in universities and academic entrepreneurship: the-state-of-the-art," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 1-67, February.
    8. Svensson, Roger, 2007. "Commercialization of patents and external financing during the R&D phase," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(7), pages 1052-1069, September.
    9. Lisa D. Cook & Chaleampong Kongcharoen, 2010. "The Idea Gap in Pink and Black," NBER Working Papers 16331, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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