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Savings, social security, and bequests in an OLG model. A simulation exercise for Austria

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  • Klaus Neusser

Abstract

This paper analyses the relation between savings, social security, and bequests in an OLG model. The social security system is modelled on a pay-as-you-go basis to replicate aspects of the Austrian pension scheme. A bequest motive is introduced by postulating that households derive utility from bequeathing wealth to their heirs. The parameters of the model are chosen to replicate important characteristics of the Austrian economy. The simulations focus on the effects of transitory and permanent changes in labor supply growth. These exercises demonstrate the importance of bequests for understanding qualitatively as well as quantitatively the saving behavior of private households. Copyright Springer-Verlag 1993

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 7 (1993)
Issue (Month): 1 (December)
Pages: 133-155

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Handle: RePEc:kap:jeczfn:v:7:y:1993:i:1:p:133-155

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=108909

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  1. Laitner, John, 1984. "Transition time paths for overlapping-generations models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 111-129, May.
  2. Gerhard Orosel, 1991. "Inheritance and inequality when wealth enters the utility function," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 133-160, June.
  3. Kotlikoff, Laurence J & Spivak, Avia, 1981. "The Family as an Incomplete Annuities Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(2), pages 372-91, April.
  4. Barro, Robert J., 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Scholarly Articles 3451399, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  5. Becker, Gary S, 1974. "A Theory of Social Interactions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1063-93, Nov.-Dec..
  6. Kotlikoff, Laurence J, 1988. "Intergenerational Transfers and Savings," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 41-58, Spring.
  7. B. Douglas Bernheim, 1987. "Dissaving After Retirement: Testing the Pure Life Cycle Hypothesis," NBER Working Papers 1409, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Bernheim, B Douglas & Shleifer, Andrei & Summers, Lawrence H, 1985. "The Strategic Bequest Motive," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(6), pages 1045-76, December.
  9. Hurd, Michael D, 1989. "Mortality Risk and Bequests," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(4), pages 779-813, July.
  10. Alan J. Auerbach & Laurence J. Kotlikoff & Robert P. Hagemann & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 1989. "The Economic Dynamics of an Ageing Population: The Case of Four OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 62, OECD Publishing.
  11. Summers, Lawrence H, 1981. "Capital Taxation and Accumulation in a Life Cycle Growth Model," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 533-44, September.
  12. Weil, Philippe, 1989. "Overlapping families of infinitely-lived agents," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 183-198, March.
  13. Christian Keuschnigg, 1990. "Internationale und intertemporale Effekte der Kapitaleinkommensbesteuerung," Discussion Paper Serie A 300, University of Bonn, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. Wendner, Ronald, 2001. "An applied dynamic general equilibrium model of environmental tax reforms and pension policy," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 25-50, January.
  2. K. Farmer & K.W. Steininger, 1999. "Reducing CO2-Emissions Under Fiscal Retrenchment: A Multi-Cohort CGE-Model for Austria," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 13(3), pages 309-340, April.
  3. Henrik Petersen, Jorn, 1998. "Recent research on public pension systems. A review," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 91-108, March.

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