The Impact of the National Endowment for the Arts in the United States: Institutional and Sectoral Effects on Private Funding
AbstractThis paper examines the impact of the National Endowment for the Arts on private donations to the arts. The aim of the analysis is to assess whether public funding generates a crowding effect on private giving. We distinguish between institutional and sectoral crowding phenomena and discuss their possible implications.We used both a qualitative approach and an econometric model to estimate the effect of NEA introduction and appropriations on donations. Our results suggest that at the institutional level NEA grants do not generally induce donations to recipients while at the sectoral level appropriations and private giving are independent. The introduction of the agency appears to have caused a decrease in donations. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Cultural Economics.
Volume (Year): 28 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100284
art subsidies; crowding effect; private funding; public funding;
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- Jane K. Dokko, 2008. "Does the NEA crowd out private charitable contributions to the arts?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2008-10, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- Douglas Noonan, 2007. "Fiscal pressures, institutional context, and constituents: a dynamic model of states’ arts agency appropriations," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 293-310, December.
- Michael O’Hare, 2008. "Arts policy research for the next 25 years: a trajectory after Patrons Despite Themselves," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 32(4), pages 281-291, December.
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