A Practical Method for Explicitly Modeling Quotas and Other Complementarities
AbstractTo make CGE models realistic, inequality constraints (e.g., import quotas) or non-differentiable functions (e.g., income tax schedules) are sometimes needed. Both situations may be described using complementarity conditions, which state that either an equation is true or its complementary variable is at a boundary value. The paper describes a practical way to solve CGE models that contain such conditions. The technique, which is different from complementarity algorithms commonly used elsewhere (e.g., GAMS), has been implemented in the current version of the GEMPACK system, and has been used in a number of applications. This paper explains why the solution methods used in previous versions of GEMPACK do not handle complementarity conditions well, and describes how a two-pass procedure can overcome these difficulties. The key insight is that if we knew in advance which constraints would be binding in the accurate solution, the complementarity conditions could be reformulated in terms of smooth functions only, via a closure change which allows us to ignore the troublesome equations.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Society for Computational Economics in its journal Computational Economics.
Volume (Year): 23 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 (06)
Other versions of this item:
- W. Jill Harrison & Mark Horridge & K.R. Pearson & Glyn Wittwer, 2002. "A Practical Method for Explicitly Modeling Quotas and Other Complementarities," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers ip-78, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
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- Peter B. Dixon & Maureen T. Rimmer, 2010. "Simulating the U.S. Recession with and without the Obama package: the role of excess capacity," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-193, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
- M. Kohlhaas & K.R. Pearson, 2002. "Introduction to GEMPACK for GAMS Users," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers ip-79, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
- Antimiani, Alessandro & Finizia, A. & Henke, Roberto & Manfredi, G. & Merciai, S., 2008. "The impact of the reform of the milk quota regime on the Italian dairy sector," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 43658, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
- Naudé, Wim & Rossouw, Riaan, 2008. "South African quotas on textile imports from China: A policy error?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 737-750.
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