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Determinants of Geographic Differentials in the Voter Participation Rate

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  • Richard Cebula
  • Michael Toma

Abstract

Voter participation rates vary widely across the 50 states. This empirical study seeks, within the context of a broadened version of the ‘rational voter model,’ to identify determinants of this interstate variation. Using the 2004 general election as the study period, it is found that the voter participation rate in a state is positively related to the percent of the state's adult population with at least a high school education, the state's unemployment rate, the percent of the state's population age 65 and older, and the female labor force participation rate in the state. In addition, it is found that voter turnout in a state is negatively related to the state's median family income and the percentage of its population that is Hispanic. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2006

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11293-006-6118-6
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by International Atlantic Economic Society in its journal Atlantic Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 34 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 33-40

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Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:34:y:2006:i:1:p:33-40

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Keywords: D72;

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References

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  1. Tilman Borgers, 2004. "Costly Voting," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 57-66, March.
  2. Richard Cebula & Milton Kafoglis, 1983. "In search of optimum ‘relative unanimity’," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 195-201, January.
  3. Tullock, Gordon, 1971. "Public Decisions as Public Goods," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(4), pages 913-18, July-Aug..
  4. Timothy J. Feddersen, 2004. "Rational Choice Theory and the Paradox of Not Voting," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(1), pages 99-112, Winter.
  5. Katherine Swartz, 2003. "Reinsuring Risk to Increase Access to Health Insurance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 283-287, May.
  6. Lapp, Miriam, 1999. " Incorporating Groups into Rational Choice Explanations of Turnout: An Empirical Test," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(1-2), pages 171-85, January.
  7. Kafoglis, Milton & Cebula, Richard, 1980. "The Buchanan-Tullock Model: Some Extensions," MPRA Paper 51216, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Richard Cebula, 2004. "Expressiveness and voting: Alternative evidence," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 32(3), pages 216-221, September.
  9. Ashenfelter, Orley C & Kelley, Stanley, Jr, 1975. "Determinants of Participation in Presidential Elections," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 18(3), pages 695-733, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Richard Cebula & Christopher Coombs, 2008. "Recent Evidence on Factors Influencing the Female Labor Force Participation Rate," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 272-284, September.
  2. Gibson, John & Kim, Bonggeun & Stillman, Steven & Boe-Gibson, Geua, 2011. "Time to Vote?," IZA Discussion Papers 5854, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    • John Gibson & Bonggeun Kim & Steven Stillman & Geua Boe-Gibson, 2013. "Time to vote?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 156(3), pages 517-536, September.
  3. Cebula, Richard & Lawson, Luther, 2004. "Teaching in Public Choice Courses How Direct Democracy Can Influence Voting Behavior," MPRA Paper 53163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Ira Saltz, 1997. "Federal deposit insurance coverage and bank failures: A cointegration analysis with semi-annual data, 1965–91," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 3-9, September.
  5. Richard Cebula, 2008. "Influence of the Number of Statewide Referenda Involving Emotionally-Charged Issues on Voter Turnout, 2006," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 36(4), pages 383-393, December.
  6. Tim Powlowski & Dennis Coates, 2013. "The habit for voting, “civic duty” and travel distance," UMBC Economics Department Working Papers 13-05, UMBC Department of Economics.
  7. Richard Cebula & Holly Meads, 2008. "An Inquiry into the Contemporary Differential between Female and Male Voter Turnouts," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 36(3), pages 301-313, September.
  8. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2005. "Has Deregulation Affected Births, Deaths, and Marriages in the U.S. Commercial Banking Industry?," Working papers 2005-24, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  9. Richard Cebula, 2002. "Net interstate population growth rates and the Tiebout-Tullock hypothesis: New empirical evidence, 1990–2000," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 30(4), pages 414-421, December.
  10. Richard Cebula & Franklin Mixon, 2012. "Dodging the vote?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 325-343, February.
  11. Yongil Jeon & Stephen M. Miller, 2002. "Explaining U.S. Commercial Bank Births, Deaths, and Marriages," Working papers 2002-27, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.

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