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Estimating the Multilevel Rasch Model: With the lme4 Package

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  • Harold Doran
  • Douglas Bates
  • Paul Bliese
  • Maritza Dowling
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    Abstract

    Traditional Rasch estimation of the item and student parameters via marginal maximum likelihood, joint maximum likelihood or conditional maximum likelihood, assume individuals in clustered settings are uncorrelated and items within a test that share a grouping structure are also uncorrelated. These assumptions are often violated, particularly in educational testing situations, in which students are grouped into classrooms and many test items share a common grouping structure, such as a content strand or a reading passage. Consequently, one possible approach is to explicitly recognize the clustered nature of the data and directly incorporate random effects to account for the various dependencies. This article demonstrates how the multilevel Rasch model can be estimated using the functions in R for mixed-effects models with crossed or partially crossed random effects. We demonstrate how to model the following hierarchical data structures: a) individuals clustered in similar settings (e.g., classrooms, schools), b) items nested within a particular group (such as a content strand or a reading passage), and c) how to estimate a teacher x content strand interaction.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Statistical Association in its journal Journal of Statistical Software.

    Volume (Year): 20 ()
    Issue (Month): i02 ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:jss:jstsof:20:i02

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    Web page: http://www.jstatsoft.org/

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    Cited by:
    1. Jan de Leeuw & Patrick Mair, . "An Introduction to the Special Volume on "Psychometrics in R''," Journal of Statistical Software, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(i01).

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