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The Relationship Between Big-Time College Football and State Appropriations for Higher Education

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  • Brad R. Humphreys

    ()
    (University of Illinois)

Abstract

Do big-time college sports affect state appropriations to public colleges and universities? Little attention has been given to the possibility that big-time athletic programs generate economic benefits for a university at the state capital. The paper estimates a reduced form model of the determination of annual state appropriations to public universities, including institution-specific effects to control for unobservable factors like mission and reputation that could affect appropriations. The results suggest that institutions fielding Division I-A football programs receive 8% more in annual state appropriations — about $2.6 million in real 1982 dollars — than those without such programs. Bowl appearances and national rankings do not lead to additional appropriations. These results suggest that the total economic benefit associated with big-time athletic programs may be larger than previously thought and provide insight into why the number of institutions fielding Division I-A college football programs increased by 10% from 1998 to 2002.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Fitness Information Technology in its journal International Journal of Sport Finance.

Volume (Year): 1 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 119-128

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Handle: RePEc:jsf:intjsf:v:1:y:2006:i:2:p:119-128

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Related research

Keywords: higher education finance; intercollegiate athletics; political influence;

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References

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  1. Hoenack, Stephen A. & Pierro, Daniel J., 1990. "An econometric model of a public university's income and enrollments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 403-423, December.
  2. Creedy, John & Francois, Patrick, 1990. "Financing higher education and majority voting," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 181-200, November.
  3. Creedy, John & Francois, Patrick, 1993. "Financing Higher Education: A General Equilibrium Public Choice Approach," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 69(204), pages 1-9, March.
  4. Becker, Gary S, 1983. "A Theory of Competition among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400, August.
  5. Brad R. Humphreys, 2000. "Do Business Cycles Affect State Appropriations to Higher Education?," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 398-413, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Malcolm Getz & John Siegfried, 2010. "What Does Intercollegiate Athletics Do To or For Colleges and Universities?," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 1005, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  2. Kahn, Lawrence M., 2006. "The Economics of College Sports: Cartel Behavior vs. Amateurism," IZA Discussion Papers 2186, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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