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Casual Returns to Education: A Survey on Empirical Evidence for Germany

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Author Info

  • Anton L. Flossmann
  • Winfried Pohlmeier

    ()
    (Universitaet Konstanz)

Abstract

This paper surveys the empirical evidence on casual effects of education on earnings for Germany and compares alternatie studies in the light of their underlying identifying assumptions. We work out the different assumptions taken by various studies, which lead to rather different interpretations of the estimated causal effect. In particular, we are interested in the question to what extend causal return estimates are informative regarding educational policy advice. Despite the substantial methodological differences, we have to conclude that the empirical findings for Germany are quite robust and do not deviate substantially from each other. This also holds for the few studies which rely on ignorability conditions, regardless of whether they use educational attainment as a continuous treatment variable or as a discrete treatment indicator. Own estimates based on the matching approach indicate that the selection into upper secondary schooling is suboptimal.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 226 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 6-23

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:226:y:2006:i:1:p:6-23

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Related research

Keywords: Returns to education; potential outcome approach; instrumental variables; unconfoundedness; control function approach;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Cornelissen & Uwe Jirjahn & Georgi Tsertsvadze, 2008. "Parental Background and Earnings: German Evidence on Direct and Indirect Relationship," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 228(5+6), pages 554-572, December.
  2. Heineck, Guido & Riphahn, Regina T., 2007. "Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment in Germany: The Last Five Decades," IZA Discussion Papers 2985, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Benjamin Balsmeier & Heiko Peters, 2008. "Family Background or the Characteristics of Children: What Determines High School Success in Germany?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 138, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  4. Gebel, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2007. "Educational expansion and its heterogeneous returns for wage workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-010, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Kathrin Göggel, 2007. "Sinkende Bildungsrenditen durch Bildungsreformen?: Evidenz aus Mikrozensus und SOEP," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 11, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  6. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reuß, Karsten, 2007. "Age-dependent Skill Formation and Returns to Education," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-015, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Gernandt, Johannes & Maier, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Rat-Wirtzler, Julie, 2006. "Distributional effects of the high school degree in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-88, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Pohlmeier, Winfried, 2012. "Causal Returns to Schooling and Individual Heterogeneity," IZA Discussion Papers 6588, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Uysal, S. Derya, 2013. "Doubly Robust Estimation of Causal Effects with Multivalued Treatments," Economics Series 297, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  10. Göggel, Kathrin, 2007. "Sinkende Bildungsrenditen durch Bildungsreformen? Evidenz aus Mikrozensus und SOEP," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-017, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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