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Is there a risk-return trade-off? Evidence from high-frequency data

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  • Lin Peng

    (Department of Economics and Finance, Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, USA)

  • Turan G. Bali

    (Department of Economics and Finance, Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, USA)

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    Abstract

    This paper examines the intertemporal relation between risk and return for the aggregate stock market using high-frequency data. We use daily realized, GARCH, implied, and range-based volatility estimators to determine the existence and significance of a risk-return trade-off for several stock market indices. We find a positive and statistically significant relation between the conditional mean and conditional volatility of market returns at the daily level. This result is robust to alternative specifications of the volatility process, across different measures of market return and sample periods, and after controlling for macro-economic variables associated with business cycle fluctuations. We also analyze the risk-return relationship over time using rolling regressions, and find that the strong positive relation persists throughout our sample period. The market risk measures adopted in the paper add power to the analysis by incorporating valuable information, either by taking advantage of high-frequency intraday data (in the case of realized, GARCH, and range volatility) or by utilizing the market's expectation of future volatility (in the case of implied volatility index). Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Applied Econometrics.

    Volume (Year): 21 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 1169-1198

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    Handle: RePEc:jae:japmet:v:21:y:2006:i:8:p:1169-1198

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    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Angelos Kanas, 2013. "The risk-return relation and VIX: evidence from the S&P 500," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 1291-1314, June.
    2. Bali, Turan G., 2008. "The intertemporal relation between expected returns and risk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 101-131, January.
    3. Chevallier, Julien & Sévi, Benoît, 2012. "On the volatility–volume relationship in energy futures markets using intraday data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1896-1909.
    4. Sévi, Benoît, 2013. "An empirical analysis of the downside risk-return trade-off at daily frequency," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 189-197.
    5. Mohanty, Roshni & P, Srinivasan, 2014. "The Time-Varying Risk and Return Trade Off in Indian Stock Markets," MPRA Paper 55660, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Benoît Sévi & César Baena, 2013. "The explanatory power of signed jumps for the risk-return tradeoff," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(2), pages 1029-1046.
    7. Federico M. Bandi & Roberto Reno, 2009. "Nonparametric Stochastic Volatility," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series gd08-035, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    8. Ali F. Darrat & Bin Li & Omar Benkato, 2011. "The Relationship between Volatility and Expected Returns: Some Evidence for Australia," International Journal of Business and Economics, College of Business, and College of Finance, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, vol. 10(1), pages 27-43, April.
    9. Benoît Sévi & César Baena, 2012. "A reassessment of the risk-return tradeoff at the daily horizon," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(1), pages 190-203.
    10. Kanniainen, Juho & Piché, Robert, 2013. "Stock price dynamics and option valuations under volatility feedback effect," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(4), pages 722-740.
    11. Bollerslev, Tim & Osterrieder, Daniela & Sizova, Natalia & Tauchen, George, 2013. "Risk and return: Long-run relations, fractional cointegration, and return predictability," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 409-424.
    12. Sunita Narang & V. K. Bhalla, 2011. "Risk-Return Trade-Off in Indian Capital Market During Last Two Decades with Special Emphasis on Crisis Period," Annals - Economic and Administrative Series -, Faculty of Business and Administration, University of Bucharest, vol. 5(1), pages 77-98, December.
    13. Julien Chevallier & Benoît Sévi, 2013. "A Fear Index to Predict Oil Futures Returns," Working Papers 2013.62, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    14. Thomas C. Chiang & Jiandong Li, 2012. "Stock Returns and Risk: Evidence from Quantile," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 20-58, December.
    15. Jiranyakul, Komain, 2011. "On the Risk-Return Tradeoff in the Stock Exchange of Thailand: New Evidence," MPRA Paper 45583, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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