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Produktivitätsrückstand der ostdeutschen Wirtschaft: Eine zusammenfassende Bewertung

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  • Joachim Ragnitz

Abstract

Ten years after German unification labor productivity in the New Laender reaches only 70 per cent of West German levels. Further, in the second half of the 1990ies, convergence did not continue. Because productivity can be regarded as a key for wages, for competitiveness of firms and for future transfer payments, the reasons for low productivity in East Germany are of major importance. In this article, it is argued that the existing productivity gap reflects mainly structural differences between East and West Germany, that is the high share of small firms and the predominance of sectors with low value added per worker. Additionally, difficulties on product markets leading to insufficient selling prices are responsible for the comparative low productivity of East German firms. Differences in capital intensity or in human capital, however, do explain only a small part of the productivity gap.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Halle Institute for Economic Research in its journal Wirtschaft im Wandel.

Volume (Year): 7 (2001)
Issue (Month): 7-8 ()
Pages: 181-189

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Handle: RePEc:iwh:iwhwiw:7-01-4

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Cited by:
  1. Kölling, Arnd & Rässler, Susanne, 2004. "Editing and multiply imputing German establishment panel data to estimate stochastic production frontier models," IAB Discussion Paper 200405, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Kölling, Arnd & Rässler, Susanne, 2004. "Editing and multiply imputing German establishment panel data to estimate stochastic production frontier models," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 37(3), pages 306-318.
  3. Mangelsdorf, Stefan, 2010. "Die Transformation des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes in Berlin/Brandenburg unter Berücksichtigung der Exporte : eine empirische Analyse mit amtlichen Mikrodaten
    [The transition of the manufacturing indu
    ," MPRA Paper 39304, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Gerhard Heimpold, 2001. "Regional policy in the Central and East European countries prior to the eastward enlargement of the EU, with special focus on regional policy developments in East Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa01p200, European Regional Science Association.
  5. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:37:i:3:p:306-318 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Wolfgang Gerstenberger & Beate Grundig & Herbert Hofmann & Carsten Pohl & Heinz Schmalholz & Carola Vögtle & Michaela Votteler & Martin Werding, 2004. "Auswirkungen der EU-Osterweiterung auf Wirtschaft und Arbeitsmarkt in Sachsen," ifo Dresden Studien, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 35.

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