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Lohnabstandsgebot kein hinreichendes Kriterium für positive Arbeitsanreize im Niedriglohnbereich

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  • Hilmar Schneider
  • Wolfram Kempe

Abstract

Mit einem mikroökonomischen Arbeitsangebotsmodell wird gezeigt, dass das Lohnabstandsangebot zwischen Sozialhilfe und Erwerbseinkommen zwar ein notwendiges Kriterium ist, um einen positiven Anreiz zur Erwerbsaufnahme potentieller Niedriglohnbezieher auszuüben, jedoch kein hinreichendes. Der Abstand Ende 2001 wird für einige Branchen ermittelt. Der Umstand, dass dieser Abstand in einigen Fällen sogar negativ ist, wirkt um so schwerwiegender, als das erzielbare Erwerbseinkommen relativ deutlich über dem Lohnersatzeinkommen in Form der Sozialhilfe liegen müsste. Eine Beschäftigung lohnt sich in finanzieller Hinsicht am ehesten für alleinlebende Sozialhilfeempfänger, während für Familien mit mehreren Kindern nicht einmal das notwendige Kriterium des positiven Lohnabstandes immer erfüllt ist.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Halle Institute for Economic Research in its journal Wirtschaft im Wandel.

Volume (Year): 8 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 85-91

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Handle: RePEc:iwh:iwhwiw:4-02-3

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Cited by:
  1. repec:iab:iabmit:v:36:i:4:p:672-688 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Tilman Bruck & John P. Haisken-De New & Klaus Zimmermann, 2006. "Creating low skilled jobs by subsidizing market-contracted household work," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 899-911.
  3. Schneider, Hilmar & Zimmermann, Klaus F. & Bonin, Holger & Brenke, Karl & Haisken-DeNew, John P. & Kempe, Wolfram, 2002. "Report No. 5: Beschäftigungspotenziale einer dualen Förderstrategie im Niedriglohnbereich," IZA Research Reports 5, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Kaltenborn, Bruno & Koch, Susanne & Kress, Ulrike & Walwei, Ulrich & Zika, Gerd, 2003. "Sozialabgaben und Beschäftigung (Social security contributions and employment)," Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 36(4), pages 672-688.

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