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Progressivity of personal income tax in Croatia: decomposition of tax base and rate effects

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Author Info

  • Ivica Urban

    (Institute of Public Finance, Zagreb)

Abstract

This paper presents progressivity breakdowns for Croatian personal income tax in 1997 and 2004. The decompositions reveal how the elements of the system – tax schedule, allowances, deductions and credits – contribute to the achievement of progressivity, over the quantiles of pre-tax income distribution. Through the use of ‘single parameter’ Gini indices, the social decision maker’s relatively more or less favorable inclination toward taxpayers in the lower tails of pre-tax income distribution is accounted for. Simulations are undertaken to show how the introduction of a flat-rate system would affect progressivity.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institute of Public Finance in its journal Financial Theory and Practice.

Volume (Year): 30 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 207-231

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Handle: RePEc:ipf:finteo:v:30:y:2006:i:3:p:207-231

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Related research

Keywords: personal income tax; progressivity; decomposition;

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References

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  1. Mitja Cok & Ivica Urban, 2007. "Distribution of Income and Taxes in Slovenia and Croatia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 299-316.
  2. Anderson, John E. & Roy, Atrayee Ghosh & Shoemaker, Paul A., 2003. "Confidence Intervals for the Suits Index," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 56(1), pages 81-90, March.
  3. Ivica Urban, 2006. "Progressivity of personal income tax in Croatia: decomposition of tax base and rate effects," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 30(3), pages 207-231.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ivica Urban, 2009. "Kakwani decomposition of redistributive effect: Origins, critics and upgrades," Working Papers 148, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  2. Ivica Urban, 2006. "Progressivity of personal income tax in Croatia: decomposition of tax base and rate effects," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 30(3), pages 207-231.
  3. Ivica Urban, 2008. "Income Redistribution in Croatia: The Role of Individual Taxes and Social Transfers," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 32(3), pages 387-403.

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