Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Using Neural Network Rule Extraction and Decision Tables for Credit-Risk Evaluation

Contents:

Author Info

  • Bart Baesens

    ()
    (Department of Applied Economic Sciences, K. U. Leuven, Naamsestraat 69, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium)

  • Rudy Setiono

    ()
    (Department of Information Systems, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore 119260, Republic of Singapore)

  • Christophe Mues

    ()
    (Department of Applied Economic Sciences, K. U. Leuven, Naamsestraat 69, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium)

  • Jan Vanthienen

    ()
    (Department of Applied Economic Sciences, K. U. Leuven, Naamsestraat 69, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Credit-risk evaluation is a very challenging and important management science problem in the domain of financial analysis. Many classification methods have been suggested in the literature to tackle this problem. Neural networks, especially, have received a lot of attention because of their universal approximation property. However, a major drawback associated with the use of neural networks for decision making is their lack of explanation capability. While they can achieve a high predictive accuracy rate, the reasoning behind how they reach their decisions is not readily available. In this paper, we present the results from analysing three real-life credit-risk data sets using neural network rule extraction techniques. Clarifying the neural network decisions by explanatory rules that capture the learned knowledge embedded in the networks can help the credit-risk manager in explaining why a particular applicant is classified as either bad or good. Furthermore, we also discuss how these rules can be visualized as a decision table in a compact and intuitive graphical format that facilitates easy consultation. It is concluded that neural network rule extraction and decision tables are powerful management tools that allow us to build advanced and userfriendly decision-support systems for credit-risk evaluation.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.49.3.312.12739
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.

    Volume (Year): 49 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 3 (March)
    Pages: 312-329

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:49:y:2003:i:3:p:312-329

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: 7240 Parkway Drive, Suite 300, Hanover, MD 21076 USA
    Phone: +1-443-757-3500
    Fax: 443-757-3515
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.informs.org/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Credit-risk Evaluation; Neural Networks; Decision Tables; Classification;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. B. Baesens & T. Van Gestel & M. Stepanova & D. Van Den Poel, 2004. "Neural Network Survival Analysis for Personal Loan Data," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 04/281, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    2. Dejaeger, Karel & Goethals, Frank & Giangreco, Antonio & Mola, Lapo & Baesens, Bart, 2012. "Gaining insight into student satisfaction using comprehensible data mining techniques," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 218(2), pages 548-562.
    3. Verbeke, Wouter & Dejaeger, Karel & Martens, David & Hur, Joon & Baesens, Bart, 2012. "New insights into churn prediction in the telecommunication sector: A profit driven data mining approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 218(1), pages 211-229.
    4. Balcaen S. & Ooghe H., 2004. "Alternative methodologies in studies on business failure: do they produce better results than the classic statistical methods?," Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School Working Paper Series 2004-16, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.
    5. Egmont-Petersen, M. & Feelders, A. & Baesens, B., 2005. "Confidence intervals for probabilistic network classifiers," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 998-1019, June.
    6. Carrizosa, Emilio & Martín-Barragán, Belén & Morales, Dolores Romero, 2011. "Detecting relevant variables and interactions in supervised classification," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 213(1), pages 260-269, August.
    7. Owen P. Hall Jr. & Darrol J. Stanley, 2012. "A comparative modelling analysis of firm performance," International Journal of Data Analysis Techniques and Strategies, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1), pages 43-56.
    8. Li, Hui & Hong, Lu-Yao & He, Jia-Xun & Xu, Xuan-Guo & Sun, Jie, 2013. "Small sample-oriented case-based kernel predictive modeling and its economic forecasting applications under n-splits-k-times hold-out assessment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 747-761.
    9. HERREMANS, Dorien & MARTENS, David & SÖRENSEN, Kenneth, 2014. "Looking into the minds of Bach, Haydn and Beethoven: Classification and generation of composer-specific music," Working Papers 2014001, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
    10. Martin-Barragan, Belen & Lillo, Rosa & Romo, Juan, 2014. "Interpretable support vector machines for functional data," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 232(1), pages 146-155.
    11. Finlay, Steven, 2011. "Multiple classifier architectures and their application to credit risk assessment," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 210(2), pages 368-378, April.
    12. Timotej Jagric & Vita Jagric & Davorin Kracun, 2011. "Does Non-linearity Matter in Retail Credit Risk Modeling?," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 61(4), pages 384-402, August.
    13. T. Van Gestel & B. Baesens & J. A.K. Suykens & D. Van Den Poel & D.-E. Baestaens & Bm. Willekens, 2004. "Bayesian Kernel-Based Classification for Financial Distress Detection," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 04/247, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    14. Cabrera Llanos Agustín Ignacio & Ortíz Arango Francisco, 2012. "Pronóstico del rendimiento del IPC (Índice de Precios y Cotizaciones)mediante el uso de redes neuronales diferenciales," Contaduría y Administración:Revista Internacional, Accounting and Management: International Journal, vol. 57(2), pages 63-81, abril-jun.
    15. Doumpos, Michael & Zopounidis, Constantin, 2011. "Preference disaggregation and statistical learning for multicriteria decision support: A review," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 209(3), pages 203-214, March.
    16. Rua-Haun Tsaih & Hsiou-Wei Lin & Wen-Chyan Ke, 2014. "An Abductive-Reasoning Guide for Finance Practitioners," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 43(4), pages 411-431, April.
    17. HERREMANS, Dorien & MARTENS, David & SÖRENSEN, Kenneth, 2014. "Dance hit song prediction," Working Papers 2014003, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:49:y:2003:i:3:p:312-329. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mirko Janc).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.