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Information Systems Innovation Among Organizations

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  • E. Burton Swanson

    (Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024)

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    Abstract

    In an era of revolutionary new developments in basic information technology, innovation in its employment among organizations is increasingly crucial to competitive survival and success. The Information Systems (IS) unit within the business is largely responsible for meeting this challenge. Yet, current theory explains little about IS innovation and its role in organizational innovation in general. We suggest some needed foundations. IS innovations are posited to be of three types: Type I innovations confined to the IS task; Type II innovations supporting administration of the business; and Type III innovations imbedded in the core technology of the business. Diffusion among organizations is conjectured to occur by means of a communication circuit in which each IS unit is linked to its professional and business environments. Systematic differences in adoption and evolution patterns among IS innovation types are expected. Three specific IS innovations---data administration, the information center, and material requirements planning (MRP)---illustrate.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.40.9.1069
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.

    Volume (Year): 40 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 1069-1092

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    Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:40:y:1994:i:9:p:1069-1092

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    Related research

    Keywords: information systems; innovation types; innovation adoption and diffusion; innovation evolution;

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    Cited by:
    1. Zhang, Cheng & Dhaliwal, Jasbir, 2009. "An investigation of resource-based and institutional theoretic factors in technology adoption for operations and supply chain management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(1), pages 252-269, July.
    2. Adel Ben Youssef & David Castillo Merino & Walid Hadhri, 2012. "Determinants of Intra-firm Diffusion Process of ICT: Theoretical Sources and Empirical Evidence from Catalan Firms," Post-Print halshs-00937176, HAL.
    3. Jain, R., 1997. "Key constructs in successful IS implementation: South-East Asian experience," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 267-284, June.
    4. Nelson, Matthew L. & Shaw, Michael J., 2005. "Interorganizational System Standards Diffusion: The Role of Industry-Based Standards Development Organizations," Working Papers 05-0126, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business.
    5. Enrique Dans, 2003. "It Does Matter," Working Papers Economia wp03-15, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
    6. Subramanian, A. & Nilakanta, S., 1996. "Organizational innovativeness: Exploring the relationship between organizational determinants of innovation, types of innovations, and measures of organizational performance," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 631-647, December.
    7. Rukanova, B. & Henriksen, H.Z. & Stijn, E. van & Tan, Y.H., 2009. "Bringing is innovation in a highly-regulated environment: a collective action perspective," Serie Research Memoranda 0012, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    8. Ko, Eunju & Kim, Sook Hyun & Kim, Myungsoo & Woo, Ji Young, 2008. "Organizational characteristics and the CRM adoption process," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 65-74, January.
    9. Philipp K├Âllinger & Christian Schade, 2006. "Endogenous Acceleration of Technological Change," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 562, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Teo, Thompson S.H. & Lin, Sijie & Lai, Kee-hung, 2009. "Adopters and non-adopters of e-procurement in Singapore: An empirical study," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 972-987, October.
    11. Malmi, Teemu, 1999. "Activity-based costing diffusion across organizations: an exploratory empirical analysis of Finnish firms," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 24(8), pages 649-672, November.
    12. von Krogh, Georg & Spaeth, Sebastian & Lakhani, Karim R., 2003. "Community, joining, and specialization in open source software innovation: a case study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1217-1241, July.

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