Stochastic Models of Internal Mail Delivery Systems
AbstractThis paper develops two stochastic models of an internal mail delivery system in which a single clerk picks up, sorts and delivers mail to a closed loop of offices. The two models differ in whether deliveries are made at scheduled times or not. For a model in which all mail picked up each round is sorted before the next delivery, we assume that mail is generated in the system by a stationary Poisson process and derive an expression for the expected delay between generation of a letter and its ultimate delivery. These results are then extended to systems in which letters are generated according to a stationary compound Poisson process and to multiple clerk delivery systems. A second model in which mail is delivered at scheduled times only is shown to be equivalent to a classical storage process. For this model, we derive bounds on the expected number of letters left unsorted at the start of a scheduled delivery and the expected delivery delay. This model is also generalized to multiclerk systems.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.
Volume (Year): 30 (1984)
Issue (Month): 9 (September)
service systems; mail delivery; stochastic models;
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