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Aggregate Safety Stock Levels and Component Part Commonality


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  • David A. Collier

    (University of Virginia)

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    The relationship between aggregate safety stock inventory levels and component part commonality is developed. A simulation experiment strongly supports the functional form of this relationship in an uncertain operating environment. Managers can use these equations to assess the trade-offs between aggregate safety stock levels, service level and the degree of component part standardization. For example, these relationships can be used to predict service, inventory level and cost standards for any change in component part commonality.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.

    Volume (Year): 28 (1982)
    Issue (Month): 11 (November)
    Pages: 1296-1303

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    Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:28:y:1982:i:11:p:1296-1303

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    Keywords: inventory/production: operating characteristics; inventory/production: simulation; material requirements planning;


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    Cited by:
    1. Betts, John M. & Johnston, Robert B., 2005. "Just-in-time component replenishment decisions for assemble-to-order manufacturing under capital constraint and stochastic demand," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 51-70, January.
    2. Droge, Cornelia & Vickery, Shawnee K. & Jacobs, Mark A., 2012. "Does supply chain integration mediate the relationships between product/process strategy and service performance? An empirical study," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 137(2), pages 250-262.
    3. Mohebbi, E. & Choobineh, F. & Pattanayak, A., 2007. "Capacity-driven vs. demand-driven material procurement systems," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 451-466, June.
    4. Persona, Alessandro & Battini, Daria & Manzini, Riccardo & Pareschi, Arrigo, 2007. "Optimal safety stock levels of subassemblies and manufacturing components," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(1-2), pages 147-159, October.
    5. Hillier, Mark S., 2002. "Using commonality as backup safety stock," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 136(2), pages 353-365, January.
    6. Nils Boysen & Armin Scholl, 2008. "A general solution framework for component commonality problems," Jena Research Papers in Business and Economics - Working and Discussion Papers 12/2008, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, School of Economics and Business Administration.
    7. Zhou, Li & Grubbstrom, R.W.Robert W., 2004. "Analysis of the effect of commonality in multi-level inventory systems applying MRP theory," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 251-263, July.
    8. Zhang, Xinyan & Huang, George Q., 2010. "Game-theoretic approach to simultaneous configuration of platform products and supply chains with one manufacturing firm and multiple cooperative suppliers," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 121-136, March.
    9. Hsieh, Ying-Jiun, 2011. "Demand switching criteria for multiple products: An inventory cost analysis," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 130-137, April.
    10. Brun, Alessandro & Capra, Eugenio & Miragliotta, Giovanni, 2009. "VRP revisited: The impact of behavioural costs in balancing standardisation and variety," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 16-29, January.
    11. Ho, C. -J. & Li, J., 1997. "Progressive engineering changes in multi-level product structures," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 585-594, October.
    12. Kevin Weng, Z., 1999. "Risk-pooling over demand uncertainty in the presence of product modularity," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1-2), pages 75-85, May.
    13. Mohebbi, E. & Choobineh, F., 2005. "The impact of component commonality in an assemble-to-order environment under supply and demand uncertainty," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 472-482, December.
    14. Ma, Shihua & Wang, Wei & Liu, Liming, 2002. "Commonality and postponement in multistage assembly systems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 142(3), pages 523-538, November.
    15. Thyssen, Jesper & Israelsen, Poul & Jørgensen, Brian, 2005. "Activity Based Costing as a method for assessing the economics of modularization - a case study and beyond," Management Accounting Research Group Working Papers M-2005-04, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Business Studies.
    16. Israelsen, Poul & Jørgensen, Brian, 2011. "Decentralizing decision making in modularization strategies: Overcoming barriers from dysfunctional accounting systems," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(2), pages 453-462, June.


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