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Financial Crises As the Failure of Arbitrage: Implications for Monetary Policy

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  • Saito, Makoto

    (Osaka U)

  • Shiratsuka, Shigenori

    (Bank of Japan)

Abstract

This paper attempts to view financial crises as the failure of arbitrage among financial markets, and takes the "Japan premium" phenomenon observed in offshore money markets as an important example in favor of this view. In addition, we reconsider, from this perspective, the open market operations conducted b a central bank during a period of financial distress. The paper first derives from the existing theoretical literature several implications regarding how arbitrage among markets is prevented when financial institutions such as investors and intermediaries suffer from severe liquidity constraints, and then examines empirically such theoretical implications using the data available from offshore money markets. Given these implications, explored both theoretically and empirically, the paper finally discusses a possible role played by a central bank in recovering market liquidity when markets are segmented in the absence of financial arbitrage.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan in its journal Monetary and Economic Studies.

Volume (Year): 19 (2001)
Issue (Month): S1 (February)
Pages: 239-270

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Handle: RePEc:ime:imemes:v:19:y:2001:i:s1:p:239-270

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Cited by:
  1. Shigenori Shiratsuka, 2009. "Size and Composition of the Central Bank Balance Sheet: Revisiting Japanfs Experience of the Quantitative Easing Policy," IMES Discussion Paper Series 09-E-25, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
  2. Takatoshi Ito & Kimie Harada, 2000. "Japan Premium and Stock Prices: Two Mirrors of Japanese Banking Crises," NBER Working Papers 7997, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Rixtel, Adrian van & Wiwattanakantang, Yupana & Souma, Toshiyuki & Suzuki, Kazunori, 2002. "Banking in Japan: Will "Too Big To Fail" Prevail?," CEI Working Paper Series 2002-16, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  4. Spence Hilton & James McAndrews, 2011. "Challenges and lessons of the Federal Reserve's monetary policy operations during the financial crisis," Chapters, European Central Bank.
  5. Christian Pfister & Olivier de Bandt, 2003. "Politique monétaire, capital bancaire et liquidité des marchés," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 73(4), pages 213-226.
  6. Takeshi Kimura & Hiroshi Kobayashi & Jun Muranaga & Hiroshi Ugai, 2003. "The effect of the increase in the monetary base of Japan's economy at zero interest rates: an empirical analysis," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Monetary policy in a changing environment, volume 19, pages 276-312 Bank for International Settlements.
  7. Takatoshi Ito & Kimie Harada, 2003. "Market Evaluations of Banking Fragility in Japan: Japan Premium, Stock Prices, and Credit Derivatives," NBER Working Papers 9589, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Takatoshi Ito & Kimie Harada, 2004. "Bank Fragility in Japan, 1995-2003," CESifo Working Paper Series 1137, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Robert L. Hetzel, 2004. "Price stability and Japanese monetary policy," Working Paper 04-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.

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