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The effect of registered nurses' unions on heart-attack mortality

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  • Michael Ash
  • Jean Ann Seago
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    Abstract

    Although hospital work organization affects patient outcomes and in some states registered nurses (R.N.'s) are increasingly forming unions, the relationship between R.N. unions and patient outcomes has received little attention. This study examines the relationship between R.N. unionization and the mortality rate for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or heart attack, in acute-care hospitals in California. After controlling for patient and hospital characteristics, the authors find that hospitals with unionized R.N.'s have 5.5% lower heart-attack mortality than do non-union hospitals. This result remains substantively unchanged when the analysis accounts for possible selection bias-specifically, the possibility that unionized hospitals have certain important but unobservable characteristics, independent of unionization, that affect patient care. (Author's abstract.) (Free full-text download available at http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/ilrreview/.)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.

    Volume (Year): 57 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 3 (April)
    Pages: 422-442

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    Handle: RePEc:ilr:articl:v:57:y:2004:i:3:p:422-442

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    Cited by:
    1. Richard N. Block & Sheldon Friedman & Michelle Kaminski & Andy Levin (ed.), 2006. "Justice on the Job: Perspectives on the Erosion of Collective Bargaining in the United States," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number joj.

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