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Does the level of occupational aggregation affect estimates of the gender wage gap?

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Author Info

  • Michael P. Kidd
  • Michael Shannon

Abstract

The traditional decomposition of the gender wage gap distinguishes between a component attributable to gender differences in productivity-related characteristics and a residual component that is often taken as a measure of discrimination. This study of data from the 1989 Canadian Labour Market Activity Survey shows that when occupation is treated as a productivity-related characteristic, the proportion of the gender wage gap labeled explained increases with the number of occupational classifications distinguished. However, on the basis of evidence that occupational differences reflect the presence of barriers faced by women attempting to enter male-dominated occupations, the authors conclude that occupation should not be treated as a productivity-related characteristic; and in a decomposition of the gender wage gap that treats occupation as endogenously determined, they find that the level of occupational aggregation has little effect on the size of the "explained" component of the gap. (Abstract courtesy JSTOR.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.

Volume (Year): 49 (1996)
Issue (Month): 2 (January)
Pages: 317-329

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Handle: RePEc:ilr:articl:v:49:y:1996:i:2:p:317-329

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Cited by:
  1. Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. & Tan, Michelle, 2009. "Noncognitive Skills, Occupational Attainment, and Relative Wages," IZA Discussion Papers 4289, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Thomas Dohmen & Hartmut Lehmann & Anzelika Zaiceva, 2008. "The Gender Earnings Gap inside a Russian Firm: First Evidence from Personnel Data - 1997 to 2002 ; Updated Version," ESCIRRU Working Papers 6, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Dohmen, Thomas & Lehmann, Hartmut & Zaiceva, Anzelika, 2008. "The gender earnings gap inside a Russian firm : first evidence from personnel data - 1997 to 2002," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(2/3), pages 157-179.
  4. John Graham & Steven Smith, 2004. "Looking for the next george washington carver: Explaining racial difference in employment and earnings in science and engineering in the United States," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 65-82, September.
  5. Kristy Eastough & Paul W. Miller, 2004. "The Gender Wage Gap in Paid- and Self-Employment in Australia," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 257-276, 09.
  6. Andrén, Daniela & Andrén, Thomas, 2007. "Occupational Gender Composition and Wages in Romania: From Planned Equality to Market Inequality?," IZA Discussion Papers 3152, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Newell, Andrew & Reilly, Barry, 1996. "The gender wage gap in Russia: Some empirical evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 337-356, October.
  8. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:2/3:p:157-179 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Kapsos, Steven, 2008. "The gender wage gap in Bangladesh," ILO Working Papers 413417, International Labour Organization.
  10. Koncz, Katalin, 2011. "A munkaerőpiac nemek szerinti szegregációjának jellemzői, mechanizmusa és következményei
    [The features, mechanism and results of gender-based segregation on the labour market]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 74-94.
  11. Pfeifer, Christian & Sohr, Tatjana, 2008. "Analysing the Gender Wage Gap Using Personnel Records of a Large German Company," IZA Discussion Papers 3533, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Graham, John W. & Smith, Steven A., 2005. "Gender differences in employment and earnings in science and engineering in the US," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 341-354, June.
  13. Eric Solberg, 2004. "Occupational assignment, hiring discrimination, and the gender pay gap," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 32(1), pages 11-27, March.

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