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Trends in the growth and distribution of skills in the U.S. workplace, 1960û1985

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  • David R. Howell
  • Edward N. Wolff

Abstract

Using new measures of job skills and standard measures of education and earnings, the authors examine the effects of changing occupational and industry employment patterns on the skill composition of work between 1960 and 1985. The results show a strong upgrading of cognitive and interactive skills-combined, however, with a substantial slowdown in the rates of growth of those skills-and a declining demand for motor skills. The earnings mix of jobs did not show the same high correlation with employment growth as skill and education levels, because high-wage, low-skill jobs declined in the goods industries while low-wage jobs requiring at least moderate skill levels grew rapidly in the services. (Abstract courtesy JSTOR.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.

Volume (Year): 44 (1991)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
Pages: 486-502

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Handle: RePEc:ilr:articl:v:44:y:1991:i:3:p:486-502

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Cited by:
  1. Rimler, Judit, 2004. "Foglalkozás és végzettség
    [Employment and education]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1172-1187.
  2. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Erik Brynjolfsson & Lorin M. Hitt, 2002. "Information Technology, Workplace Organization, And The Demand For Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(1), pages 339-376, February.
  3. David H. Autor, 2007. "Structural demand shifts and potential labor supply responses in the new century," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, vol. 52.
  4. David R. Howell, 1998. "The Collapse of Low-Skill Wages," Macroeconomics 9805027, EconWPA.
  5. Fabián Slonimczyk, 2013. "Earnings inequality and skill mismatch in the U.S.: 1973–2002," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 163-194, June.
  6. Michael J. Handel, 2000. "Trends in Direct Measures of Job Skill Requirements," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_301, Levy Economics Institute.
  7. Maury B. Gittleman & David R. Howell, 1992. "Job Quality, Labor Market Segmentation, and Earning Inequality: Effects of Economic Restructuring in the 1980s by Race and Gender," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_82, Levy Economics Institute.
  8. David R. Howell, 1999. "Technological Change and the Demand for Skills in the 1980s: Does Skill Mismatch Explain the Growth of Low Earnings?," Macroeconomics 9907003, EconWPA.
  9. David R. Howell, 1999. "The Collapse of Low-Skill Male Earnings in the 1980s: Skill Mismatch or Shifting Wage Norms?," Macroeconomics 9906015, EconWPA.
  10. Oren M. Levin-Waldman, 1995. "Reforming Unemployment Insurance: Towards Greater Employment," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_152, Levy Economics Institute.

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