Accounting for the decline in union membership, 1950û1980
AbstractThis study analyzes the components of the post-1950 trends in the share of the private work force organized by unions, which rose from 1950 to 1954 and then fell steadily to 1980. The authors decompose the sources of growth and decline into changes in organizing activity, success in certification elections, losses from decertification elections, and net growth due to economic causes-the last a residual measure designed to capture the effect of factors such as plant closings, layoffs, and new hires. They find that all factors except decertifications accounted for a substantial part of the decline since 1954. When the level of aggregate economic activity is held constant, loss of membership due to other economic causes shows no downward trend, a finding that challenges the view that the decline in the unionized share of the work force has been due primarily to a secular decline in employment in the strongly unionized industries. (Abstract courtesy JSTOR.)
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.
Volume (Year): 38 (1985)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
Postal: 381 Ives East, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
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- Michael Kremer & Benjamin A. Olken, 2009.
"A Biological Model of Unions,"
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
American Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 150-75, April.
- Andreas Hornstein & Per Krusell & Giovanni L. Violante, 2005. "The Effects of Technical Change on Labor Market Inequalities," Working Papers 89, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
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