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Determinants of the outcomes of union certification elections

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  • William N. Cooke
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    Abstract

    This study analyzes determinants of union election outcomes at the level of the work unit. Within a theoretical framework of utility maximization, voting behavior is modeled as a function of the social psychology of groups, the economic and sociopolitical environment, NLRB procedures, and the extent of union organization of the industry. Utilizing NLRB certification-election records for 1979, the author finds a negative relationship between unit size and union victories in units of fewer than 65 workers, but no relationship in larger units. Also negatively related to union victories are delays between petition and election dates, elections held in southern states having right-to-work laws, and elections involving the Teamsters. In contrast, workers are more likely to vote for representation as unemployment levels and the proportion of consent elections rise and as the rate of unionization in their industry rises to 35 percent. (Abstract courtesy JSTOR.)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.

    Volume (Year): 36 (1983)
    Issue (Month): 3 (April)
    Pages: 402-414

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    Handle: RePEc:ilr:articl:v:36:y:1983:i:3:p:402-414

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    Cited by:
    1. Susan Johnson, 1999. "Automatic Certification or Mandatory Representation Votes? How the choice of union recogntion procedure affects union certification success," Department of Economics Working Papers 1999-06, McMaster University.
    2. Sarkar, Santanu, 2012. "Determinants of employees’ attitudes toward union membership in India," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 240-250.
    3. repec:fth:prinin:437 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:fth:prinin:460 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Susan Johnson, 2002. "Card Check or Mandatory Representation Vote? How the Type of Union Recognition Procedure Affects Union Certification Success," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 344-361, April.
    6. Susan Johnson, . "Automatic Certification or Mandatory Representation Votes? How the choice of union recognition procedure affects union certification success," Canadian International Labour Network Working Papers 33, McMaster University.
    7. S Johnson, 1999. "Automatic Certification or Mandatory Representation Votes? How the Choice of Union Recognition Procedure Affects Union Certification Success," ESRC Centre for Business Research - Working Papers wp139, ESRC Centre for Business Research.

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