A century of talks on research: what happened to development and production?
AbstractFor decades, research and development or R%D has dominated innovation policies. This paper considers the statistical categories supporting this representation. It argues that the acronym 'R%D' has weakened critical thinking and policies about innovation in Western nations. The categories 'research' and 'development' used to characterise innovation arose not to explain the underlying methods or mechanisms of innovation, but instead to satisfy the requirements of statistical analyses. The D became subsumed under the R in the acronym R%D and, at the same time and because of the subsuming precisely, it disappeared from view. Further, the supremacy of research in representations and public policies eliminated the consideration of a third critical element in achieving innovation: P for industrial production. The authors suggest a new category (RD%P) to remedy the deficiencies of present analyses.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd in its journal Int. J. of Transitions and Innovation Systems.
Volume (Year): 2 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.inderscience.com/browse/index.php?journalID==160
research and development; R%D; innovation policy; statistics; intellectual history; industrial production.;
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Graham Langley).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.