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Political and economic alternatives for the Central and East European Region and China


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  • Aristidis Bitzenis


A successful transition process may be treated as a tool for the economic development of a country. There is a common consensus that the implication of a market-oriented transition might be deemed as a political development because of the robust relationship existing between the political and economic reforms. Studying the reform policies in a democracy and/or in a market economy, we observed both similar and different characteristics among transition procedures, institutional reforms and macroeconomic performance among the countries in question. Thus, we introduced nine general reform paths with regard to the way that the reform from communism to democracy and/or to market economy was achieved. We concluded that countries, which have followed or were forced to follow reform paths, such as the disguised, belligerent and violent, have limited economic growth and not only lag behind the other transition countries in the region, but also, as of today, have not even reached the levels they had attained in 1989.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd in its journal Global Business and Economics Review.

Volume (Year): 9 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 101-122

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Handle: RePEc:ids:gbusec:v:9:y:2007:i:1:p:101-122

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Keywords: transition economies; democracy; institutional reforms; economic development; political development; reform policies; market economies; China; Eastern Europe; Central Europe.;


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Cited by:
  1. Cezar SCARLAT & Silvia RUCINSKA, 2010. "Some Considerations on Ending the Process of Economic Transition in Romania and Slovakia," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 169-188.
  2. Cezar Scarlat & Eugen I. Scarlat, 2007. "Theoretical Aspects of the Economic Transition: The Case of Romania," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 5(4), pages 307-331.


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