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Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte und betriebliche Arbeitsplatzdynamik : eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel des Schwerbehindertengesetzes (Labour-law thresholds and employment dynamics in firms : an empirical study based on the example of the German Disabled Persons Act)

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Author Info

  • Koller, Lena

    ()
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

"This paper makes an empirical investigation of the effects of the German Disabled Persons Act on employment dynamics using data from the Federal Employment Agency and the IAB Establishment Panel. The data permit an investigation of the second threshold of this law, which in the observation period 1999/2000 required that firms with more than 25 employees employ two disabled persons or pay a penalty. Descriptive and multivariate analyses indicate that employment growth is slightly dampened if firms are just below this threshold and do not have enough disabled employees (i.e. would have to pay a penalty when crossing this threshold). There is no indication, however, that firms in a similar situation above the threshold reduce employment more intensively in order to fall below the threshold and thus avoid paying the penalty." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung – Journal for Labour Market Research.

Volume (Year): 39 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 181-199

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Handle: RePEc:iab:iabzaf:v:2006:i:2:p:181-199

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Keywords: Schwerbehindertengesetz - Auswirkungen; Arbeitsplatzangebot; Beschäftigungspflicht; Ausgleichsabgabe; Arbeitskräftenachfrage; Beschäftigungseffekte; IAB-Betriebspanel; Schwellenwert;

References

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  1. Thomas Bauer & Uwe Sunde & Holger Bonin, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," RWI Discussion Papers 0012, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
  2. Tito Boeri, 2004. "The Effects of Employment Protection: Learning from Variable Enforcement," 2004 Meeting Papers 445a, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
  4. Fabiano Schivardi & Roberto Torrini, 2004. "Threshold Effects and Firm Size: the Case of Firing Costs," CEP Discussion Papers dp0633, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Garibaldi, Pietro & Pacelli, Lia & Borgarello, Andrea, 2003. "Employment Protection Legislation and the Size of Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 787, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Verick, Sher, 2004. "Do Financial Incentives Promote the Employment of the Disabled?," IZA Discussion Papers 1256, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Kölling, Arnd & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2001. "Bremst das Schwerbehindertengesetz die Arbeitsplatzdynamik in Kleinbetrieben?," Discussion Papers 4, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  8. Verick, Sher, 2004. "Threshold Effects of Dismissal Protection Legislation in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 991, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  10. Wagner, Joachim & Schnabel, Claus & Kölling, Arnd, 2001. "Threshold Values in German Labor Law and Job Dynamics in Small Firms: The Case of the Disability Law," IZA Discussion Papers 386, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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