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Rechtsschutz für Mütter : eine ökonomische Analyse des Mutterschutzgesetzes und seiner Wirkungen auf die Beschäftigungssituation von Frauen (Legal protection for mothers * an economic analysis of the Maternity Protection Act and itseffects on the employment situation of women)

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  • Alewell, Dorothea
  • Pull, Kerstin

Abstract

"It has often been discussed whether institutional regulations aimed at protecting specific groups of the labour market have indeed succeeded in achieving the intended goal or whether they have actually aggravated the labour market position of these groups. In our paper we analyse German maternity and parental leave regulations, concentrating on potentially negative implications of these regulations on the labour market position of mothers and young women respectively. We identify three main cost components that might influence the employment and wage position of young women: costs of wage subsidies borne by the employers during maternity leave, costs of human capital depreciation during maternity and parental leave and costs of reorganisation. We summarise empirical evidence regarding these aspects and conclude with legal and political implications concerning the improvement of the employment situation of women." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung – Journal for Labour Market Research.

Volume (Year): 38 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2/3 ()
Pages: 341-356

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Handle: RePEc:iab:iabzaf:v:2005:i:2/3:p:341-356

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Keywords: Mütter; Mutterschutz; Mutterschutzgesetz; Beschäftigungseffekte; Erwerbsunterbrechung; Kosten; Erziehungsurlaub; Lohnersatzleistungen - Finanzierung;

References

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  1. Jan Ondrich & C. Spiess & Qing Yang & Gert Wagner, 2003. "The Liberalization of Maternity Leave Policy and the Return to Work after Childbirth in Germany," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 77-110, January.
  2. Christopher J. Ruhm, 1998. "The Economic Consequences Of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons From Europe," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 113(1), pages 285-317, February.
  3. Filippin, Antonio & Ichino, Andrea, 2005. "Gender wage gap in expectations and realizations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 125-145, February.
  4. Beblo, Miriam & Wolf, Elke, 2002. "Wage Penalties for Career Interruptions: An Empirical Analysis for West Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 02-45, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Cox, Donald, 1984. "Panel Estimates of the Effects of Career Interruptions on the Earnings of Women," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 22(3), pages 386-403, July.
  6. Joshi, Heather & Paci, Pierella & Waldfogel, Jane, 1999. "The Wages of Motherhood: Better or Worse?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(5), pages 543-64, September.
  7. Ziefle, Andrea, 2004. "Die individuellen Kosten des Erziehungsurlaubs: Eine empirische Analyse der kurz- und längerfristigen Folgen für den Karriereverlauf von Frauen," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) SP I 2004-102, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  8. Helena Skyt Nielsen & Marianne Simonsen & Mette Verner, 2004. "Does the Gap in Family-friendly Policies Drive the Family Gap?," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 106(4), pages 721-744, December.
  9. Albrecht, James W. & Edin, Per-Anders & Sundström, Marianne & Vroman, Susan B., 1996. "Career Interruptions and Subsequent Earnings: A Reexamination Using Swedish Data," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 1996:23, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  10. Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Smith, Nina, 2001. "Children and Career Interruptions: The Family Gap in Denmark," IZA Discussion Papers 263, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Hwei-Lin Chuang & Hsih-yin Lee, 2003. "The Return on Women's Human Capital and the Role of Male Attitudes Toward Working Wives," American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(2), pages 435-459, 04.
  12. Hashimoto, Masanori & Percy, Rick & Schoellner, Teresa & Weinberg, Bruce A., 2004. "The Long and Short of It: Maternity Leave Coverage and Women’s Labor Market Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 1207, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Gruber, Jonathan, 1994. "The Incidence of Mandated Maternity Benefits," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 622-41, June.
  14. Joseph E. Zveglich & Yana van der Meulen Rodgers, 2003. "The Impact of Protective Measures for Female Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(3), pages 533-556, July.
  15. Olivia S. Mitchell, 1990. "The Effects of Mandating Benefits Packages," NBER Working Papers 3260, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Dorothea Alewell, Kerstin Pull, 2001. "An Internatioal Comparison and Assessment of Maternity Leave Regulation," Working Paper Series A, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät 2001-02, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  17. Even, William E, 1987. "Career Interruptions Following Childbirth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(2), pages 255-77, April.
  18. Dorothea Alewell, 2000. "�konomische Analyse der Regelungen des Mutterschutzes in Deutschland," Working Paper Series A, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät 2000-03, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
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