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Anspruchslohn und Arbeitslosigkeit in Deutschland (Reservation wage and unemployment in Germany)

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  • Christensen, Björn
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    Abstract

    For the integration of unemployed persons into the first labour market, the reservation wage of the unemployed plays an important role. It is the wage level from which the unemployed person is prepared to accept a job offer. The paper examines the level and the determinants of reservation wages ascertained in the socio-economic panel (GSOEP 2000). Reservation wages in Germany are on average above wages before unemployment and very high in international comparison. It seems that unemployed take their last wage rate before unemployment as a guideline and reduce wage demands only slightly with longer unemployment. Unemployed people with low incomes before unemployment show a clearly higher relative reservation wage than unemployed people with a high former income - due to the small wage gap by the relatively high transfer incomes. Individual personal characteristics are most important, not macro-economic factors of influence. (IAB2)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 573-598

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    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabmit:v:2003:i:4:p:573-598

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    Keywords: Arbeitslose - Einstellungen; Lohnanspruch; Einkommenserwartung - Determinanten; Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer;

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    1. Jones, Stephen R G, 1989. "Job Research Methods, Intensity and Effects," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 51(3), pages 277-96, August.
    2. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1976. "The Economics of Job Search: A Survey," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(3), pages 347-68, September.
    3. Hogan, V., 1999. "The Determinants of the Reservation Wage," Papers 99/16, College Dublin, Department of Political Economy-.
    4. Enswar Prasad, 2001. "The Dynamics of Reservation Wages: Preliminary Evidence from the GSOEP," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(1), pages 44-50.
    5. Dale T. Mortensen, 1977. "Unemployment insurance and job search decisions," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(4), pages 505-517, July.
    6. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    7. Martin Feldstein & James M. Poterba, 1984. "Unemployment Insurance and Reservation Wages," NBER Working Papers 1011, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Jones, Stephen R G, 1989. "Reservation Wages and the Cost of Unemployment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 56(222), pages 225-46, May.
    9. Siebert, Horst, 2002. "Lohnsubventionen für den Niedriglohnbereich?," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 2788, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. Viktor Steiner, 2003. "Reform der Arbeitslosen- und Sozialhilfe: ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung?," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(19), pages 309-315.
    11. Devine, Theresa J. & Kiefer, Nicolas M., 1991. "Empirical Labor Economics: The Search Approach," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195059366.
    12. McCall, John J, 1970. "Economics of Information and Job Search," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 113-26, February.
    13. Hilmar Schneider & Olaf Fuchs, 2000. "Anreizwirkungen der Arbeitslosenunterstützung auf die Arbeitssuche," Wirtschaft im Wandel, Halle Institute for Economic Research, vol. 6(11), pages 312-317.
    14. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1976. "The Economics of Job Search: A Survey: Part I," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(2), pages 155-89, June.
    15. Schimmelpfennig, Axel, 1998. "Skill-biased technical change vs. structural change: Insights from a new view of the structure of an economy," Kiel Working Papers 868, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    16. Jones, S., 1989. "Alternative Implications Of A Structural Model Of Job Search," Papers 363, London School of Economics - Centre for Labour Economics.
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