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Berufliche Weiterbildung und individuelle Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer in West- und Ostdeutschland : eine mikroökonometrische Analyse (Further vocational training and individual duration ofunemployment in western and eastern Germany : a micro-econometric analysis)

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  • Hujer, Reinhard
  • Wellner, Marc
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    Abstract

    "In this study a comparative empirical analysis of the effects of further vocational training on the individual duration of unemployment is carried out for western and eastern Germany. The information from the socio-economic panel for western Germany (1984-1994) and for eastern Germany (1990-1995) is used as a data basis. In addition to this there is a brief overview of the development of unemployment and the development of expenditure on further vocational training in order to make clear the relevance of the evaluation research for social policy. The modelling of the selection problem is done with the aid of matching approaches which are based on the estimation of a panel-probit model for the probability of participation. Discrete hazard rate models serve to determine the effects of further vocational training measures on the individual duration of unemployment. The empirical findings show a trend of positive effects for western Germany for courses lasting up to 6 months, which decrease, however, in the long-term (after 2 years). Courses lasting longer than 6 months, on the other hand, have no significant effects; they show more negative tendencies. For eastern Germany no significant effects can be observed, long courses also tend to have a negative effect. Owing to a lack of differentiated information about individual types of measure and the low case numbers in the samples, the empirical findings can be interpreted only as statements about trends." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 405-420

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    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabmit:v:2000:i:3:p:405-420

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    Related research

    Keywords: Weiterbildung - Erfolgskontrolle; Arbeitslosigkeit - Dauer; berufliche Reintegration; Westdeutschland; Ostdeutschland; Bundesrepublik Deutschland;

    References

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    1. Newey, W.K., 1989. "Efficient Instrumental Variables Estimation Of Nonlinear Models," Papers 341, Princeton, Department of Economics - Econometric Research Program.
    2. Inkmann, Joachim, 2000. "Misspecified heteroskedasticity in the panel probit model: A small sample comparison of GMM and SML estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 227-259, August.
    3. Ashenfelter, Orley & Card, David, 1985. "Using the Longitudinal Structure of Earnings to Estimate the Effect of Training Programs," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(4), pages 648-60, November.
    4. James Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Jeffrey Smith & Petra Todd, 1998. "Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data," NBER Working Papers 6699, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Bruce D. Meyer, 1988. "Unemployment Insurance And Unemployment Spells," NBER Working Papers 2546, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Brännäs, Kurt, 2000. "Estimation in a Duration Model for Evaluating Educational Programs," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 521, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
    7. Lechner, Michael, 1999. "An Evaluation of Public-Sector-Sponsored Continuous Vocational Training Programs in East Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 93, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Bijwaard, Govert E. & Ridder, Geert, 2005. "Correcting for selective compliance in a re-employment bonus experiment," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1-2), pages 77-111.
    9. Card, David & Sullivan, Daniel G, 1988. "Measuring the Effect of Subsidized Training Programs on Movements in and out of Employment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(3), pages 497-530, May.
    10. Narendranathan, W & Stewart, Mark B, 1993. "How Does the Benefit Effect Vary as Unemployment Spells Lengthen?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(4), pages 361-81, Oct.-Dec..
    11. Bonnal, Liliane & Fougere, Denis & Serandon, Anne, 1997. "Evaluating the Impact of French Employment Policies on Individual Labour Market Histories," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 683-713, October.
    12. Ham, John C & LaLonde, Robert J, 1996. "The Effect of Sample Selection and Initial Conditions in Duration Models: Evidence from Experimental Data on Training," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(1), pages 175-205, January.
    13. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
    14. Lechner, Michael, 1999. "Identification and Estimation of Causal Effects of Multiple Treatments Under the Conditional Independence Assumption," IZA Discussion Papers 91, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    15. Bertschek, Irene & Lechner, Michael, 1995. "Convenient Estimators for the Panel Probit Model," Discussion Papers 528, Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre.
    16. Lechner, Michael, 1999. "Earnings and Employment Effects of Continuous Off-the-Job Training in East Germany after Unification," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 17(1), pages 74-90, January.
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