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Explaining age and gender differences in employment rates : a labor supply side perspective

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  • Humpert, Stephan
  • Pfeifer, Christian

Abstract

"This paper takes a labor supply perspective (neoclassical labor supply, job search) to explain the lower employment rates of older workers and women. The basic rationale is that workers choose non-employment if their reservation wages are larger than the offered wages. Whereas the latter depend on workers' productivity and firms' decisions, reservation wages are largely determined by workers' endowments and preferences for leisure. To shed some empirical light on this issue, we use German survey data to analyze age and gender differences in reservation and entry wages, preferred and actual working hours, and satisfaction with leisure and work." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its journal Journal for Labour Market Research.

Volume (Year): 46 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-17

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Handle: RePEc:iab:iabjlr:v:2013:i:1:p:1-17

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Keywords: Erwerbsbeteiligung; Erwerbsquote; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitskräfteangebot; Erwerbsverhalten; Frauen; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Einkommenserwartung; Lohnhöhe; Arbeitszeitwunsch; Arbeitszufriedenheit; Beruf und Familie; Work-Life-Balance;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christian Pfeifer & Joachim Wagner, 2012. "Is innovative firm behavior correlated with age and gender composition of the workforce? Evidence from a new type of data for German enterprises," Working Paper Series in Economics 256, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  2. Christian Pfeifer & Joachim Wagner, 2012. "Age and gender composition of the workforce, productivity and profits: Evidence from a new type of data for German enterprises," Working Paper Series in Economics 232, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  3. Caliendo, Marco & Lee, Wang-Sheng & Mahlstedt, Robert, 2014. "The Gender Wage Gap: Does a Gender Gap in Reservation Wages Play a Part?," IZA Discussion Papers 8305, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Stephan Humpert, 2012. "Age and Gender Differences in Job Opportunities," Working Paper Series in Economics 235, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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