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La incidencia del gasto público en educación sobre la distribución del bienestar económico en España

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  • David Patiño Rodríguez

    ()
    (Universidad de Sevilla)

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    Abstract

    Este trabajo aborda la incorporación de transferencias públicas en especie en los estudios sobre la distribución de la renta y el bienestar. En particular, nos ocupamos de analizar la incidencia que tiene la inclusión de la educación pública. Para ello, hemos imputado al consumo de las familias una cuantificación de la transferencia por tal servicio prestada en España en el año 2006. Los resultados obtenidos indican que el gasto en educación pública reduce la desigualdad de un modo apreciable y estadísticamente significativo en los niveles básico y secundario. Por el contrario, no se observa un efecto importante en el nivel universitario. Por último, la educación pública también reduce las desigualdades a nivel territorial, en concreto mejora la cohesión entre las comunidades autónomas.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública.

    Volume (Year): 199 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 119-148

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    Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2011:v:199:i:4:p:119-148

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    Related research

    Keywords: Desigualdad de la renta; educación pública; incidencia de las transferencias en especie;

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    1. van de Walle, Dominique, 1998. "Assessing the welfare impacts of public spending," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 365-379, March.
    2. Shorrocks, A F, 1980. "The Class of Additively Decomposable Inequality Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 613-25, April.
    3. Jonathan Morduch & Terry Sicular, 1998. "Rethinking Inequality Decomposition, with Evidence from Rural China," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1831, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    4. Gary S. Becker, 1975. "Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, 2nd ed," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck75-1.
    5. Aaron, Henry & McGuire, Martin, 1970. "Public Goods and Income Distribution," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 38(6), pages 907-20, November.
    6. Tim Callan & Tim Smeeding & Panos Tsakloglou, 2008. "Short-run distributional effects of public education transfers to tertiary education students in seven European countries," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 275-288.
    7. Martinez-Vazquez, Jorge, 1982. "Fiscal Incidence at the Local Level," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(5), pages 1207-18, September.
    8. Goerlich Gisbert Francisco J. & Villar Notario Antonio, 2009. "Desigualdad y bienestar social: de la teoría a la práctica," Books, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation, edition 0, number 201190.
    9. Javier Ruiz-Castillo, 1995. "Income distribution and social welfare: a review essay," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 19(1), pages 3-34, January.
    10. Moreno-Dodson, Blanca & Wodon, Quentin, 2008. "Public Finance for Poverty Reduction: An Overview," MPRA Paper 11078, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Thibault Gajdos & John Weymark, 2005. "Multidimensional Generalized Gini Indices," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00085881, HAL.
    12. Calonge Ramírez Samuel & Manresa Sánchez Antonio, 2001. "Incidencia fiscal y del gasto público social sobre la distribución de la renta en España y sus CC. AA," Books, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation, edition 1, number 201117.
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