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Salud, salarios y educación

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  • Cecilia Albert

    ()
    (Universidad de Alcalá)

  • María A. Davia

    ()
    (Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha)

Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo es ampliar la evidencia sobre el efecto de la educación en la salud y los salarios. Se estima un índice sintético del estado de salud para paliar el problema de subjetividad de los indicadores de autoevaluación. Para tener en cuenta la endogeneidad entre los salarios y la salud se estima simultáneamente una ecuación de salud y una de salarios considerando el sesgo de selección muestral. El estudio se realiza para España con el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea. Como resultados fundamentales destacan los siguientes: un mayor nivel educativo afecta positivamente a los salarios y a la salud, aunque no existen diferencias entre el estado de salud de los individuos con estudios medios y los que han alcanzado estudios superiores.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública.

Volume (Year): 169 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 11-34

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2004:v:169:i:2:p:11-34

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Keywords: rendimientos de la educación; salud y salarios;

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References

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  1. Michael Grossman, 1999. "The Human Capital Model of the Demand for Health," NBER Working Papers 7078, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Sherwin Rosen, 1992. "Distinguished Fellow: Mincering Labor Economics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(2), pages 157-170, Spring.
  3. Haveman, Robert & Wolfe, Barbara & Kreider, Brent & Stone, Mark, 1994. "Market Work, Wages, and Men's Health," Staff General Research Papers 10233, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  4. Alba-Ramirez, Alfonso & San Segundo, Maria Jesus, 1995. "The returns to education in Spain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 155-166, June.
  5. Desiderio Romero Jordán & Juan Prieto-Rodríguez & Santiago Álvarez-García, . "Estado De Salud Y Participación Laboral De Las Personas Mayores," Working Papers 15-02 Classification-JEL , Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
  6. Øystein Kravdal, 2000. "A search for aggregate-level effects of education on fertility, using data from Zimbabwe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 3(3), August.
  7. Torrance, George W., 1986. "Measurement of health state utilities for economic appraisal : A review," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, March.
  8. Victor R. Fuchs, 1980. "Time Preference and Health: An Exploratory Study," NBER Working Papers 0539, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Willis, Robert J & Rosen, Sherwin, 1979. "Education and Self-Selection," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages S7-36, October.
  10. Juan F. Jimeno & Luis Toharia, 1993. "The effects of fixed-term employment on wages: theory and evidence from Spain," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 17(3), pages 475-494, September.
  11. Joop Hartog & Hessel Oosterbeek, 1997. "Health, Wealth and Happiness: Why pursue a Higher Education?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-034/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  12. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  13. Gerdtham, U. -G. & Johannesson, M. & Lundberg, L. & Isacson, D., 1999. "The demand for health: results from new measures of health capital," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 501-521, September.
  14. Greenacre Michael, 2002. "The Use of Correspondence Analysis in the Exploration of Health Survey Data," Working Papers 201017, Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation.
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