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The Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Self-Rated Happiness: The Case Of Penang, Malaysia

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  • CHEAH, YONG KANG
  • TANG, CHOR FOON

Abstract

In view of the importance of happiness, the present study aims to investigate the sociodemographic determinants of happiness among Penang (Malaysia) adults. An ordered probit model and a primary survey data with a total of 398 observations are used in this study. The results reveal that ethnicity, marital status and education are statistically significant in determining individuals' happiness, whereas income, gender, age, employment status and presence of chronic diseases are not statistically significant in determining individuals' happiness. Based on these observed outcomes, several policy implications are discussed.

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File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/25779/1/HJeco0540100010.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Hitotsubashi University in its journal Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 54 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
Pages: 1-16

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Handle: RePEc:hit:hitjec:v:54:y:2013:i:1:p:1-16

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Keywords: education; happiness; health; income; Malaysia; well-being;

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  1. Masoud Moghaddam, 2008. "Happiness, Faith, Friends, and Fortune—Empirical Evidence from the 1998 US Survey Data," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 577-587, December.
  2. Helliwell, John F., 2003. "How's life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 331-360, March.
  3. Viren Swami, 2008. "Translation and Validation of the Malay Subjective Happiness Scale," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 88(2), pages 347-353, September.
  4. Gerdtham, Ulf-G & Johannesson, Magnus, 2001. "The relationship between happiness, health, and socio-economic factors: results based on Swedish microdata," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 553-557.
  5. Theodossiou, I., 1998. "The effects of low-pay and unemployment on psychological well-being: A logistic regression approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 85-104, January.
  6. Ed Diener & Ed Sandvik & Larry Seidlitz & Marissa Diener, 1993. "The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 195-223, March.
  7. Winkelmann, Liliana & Winkelmann, Rainer, 1998. "Why Are the Unemployed So Unhappy? Evidence from Panel Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 65(257), pages 1-15, February.
  8. Colleen Howell & Ryan Howell & Kurt Schwabe, 2006. "Does Wealth Enhance Life Satisfaction for People Who are Materially Deprived? Exploring the Association among the Orang asli of Peninsular Malaysia," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 76(3), pages 499-524, 05.
  9. Morawetz, David, 1977. "Income Distribution and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 87(347), pages 511-22, September.
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