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Group Competition and Personality in an Experimental Public Goods Game

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  • Fujiwara, Hikojiro
  • Arai, Kazuhiro
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    Abstract

    This paper introduces a variation of the public goods game where four groups compete to win prizes. It uses experiments to consider behavioral and personality aspects, enablingus to treat a new field. As for the behavioral aspect, it emerges that intra- and inter-group awareness is effective in promotingcooperation. In addition, cooperative actions are observed in a cooperative rather than uncooperative atmosphere. As for the personality aspect, the game is examined from four standpoints, namely, preference for competition, preference for risk, passion for profit, and trust in others.

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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/16516/1/HJeco0490201490.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Hitotsubashi University in its journal Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics.

    Volume (Year): 49 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 149-161

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    Handle: RePEc:hit:hitjec:v:49:y:2008:i:2:p:149-161

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    Related research

    Keywords: Public Goods Game; Experiment; Group Competition; Personality; Culture;

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    1. Baik, Kyung Hwan & Kim, In-Gyu & Na, Sunghyun, 2001. "Bidding for a group-specific public-good prize," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 415-429, December.
    2. Marwell, Gerald & Ames, Ruth E., 1981. "Economists free ride, does anyone else? : Experiments on the provision of public goods, IV," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 295-310, June.
    3. Arai, Kazuhiro, 2007. "Trust and Trustworthiness in the Economy: How They Function and How They Should Be Promoted," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 48(2), pages 225-240, December.
    4. Marco Faravelli & Luca Stanca, 2007. "Single versus Multiple Prize Contests to Finance Public Goods: Theory and Experimental Evidence," Working Papers 127, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2007.
    5. Marco Faravelli, 2006. "The Important Thing Is not (Always) Winning but Taking Part: Funding Public Goods with Contests," Working Papers 102, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2006.
    6. Alvin E. Roth & V. Prasnikar & M. Okuno-Fujiwara & S. Zamir, 1998. "Bargaining and market behavior in Jerusalem, Liubljana, Pittsburgh and Tokyo: an experimental study," Levine's Working Paper Archive 344, David K. Levine.
    7. Solow, John L. & Kirkwood, Nicole, 2002. "Group identity and gender in public goods experiments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 403-412, August.
    8. Kyung Baik, 2008. "Contests with group-specific public-good prizes," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 103-117, January.
    9. Gachter, Simon & Herrmann, Benedikt & Thoni, Christian, 2004. "Trust, voluntary cooperation, and socio-economic background: survey and experimental evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 505-531, December.
    10. Nowell, Clifford & Tinkler, Sarah, 1994. "The influence of gender on the provision of a public good," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 25-36, September.
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