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Mobilidade Geográfica e Distância da Deslocação em Portugal

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  • João Pereira

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra)

Abstract

Este artigo tem por objectivo analisar a mobilidade geográfica em Portugal tendo como domínio de referência a distância da deslocação. Tanto quanto é do nosso conhecimento, este é o primeiro trabalho que aborda esta questão em Portugal. A análise é efectuada com base num modelo logit multinomial. Os resultados obtidos mostram que há um conjunto de factores referenciados na literatura que influenciam a decisão individual de mobilidade nomeadamente, a idade, a situação familiar, as diferenças de salários e o desemprego. Contudo, dadas as estimativas que obtivemos para as probabilidades de deslocação, pode-se concluir claramente que este mecanismo está longe de ser uma forma eficaz de ajustamento do mercado de trabalho em Portugal. Neste sentido, são apontadas algumas vias de actuação da política económica que podem melhorar a eficácia deste mecanismo de ajustamento.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra in its journal Notas Económicas.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 25 (June)
Pages: 42-58

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Handle: RePEc:gmf:journl:y:2007:i:25:p:42-58

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  1. Pissarides, Christopher A & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 1989. "Unemployment and the Inter-regional Mobility of Labour," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 739-55, September.
  2. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  3. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  4. Puhani, Patrick A, 2000. " The Heckman Correction for Sample Selection and Its Critique," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(1), pages 53-68, February.
  5. D. McFadden & J. Hausman, 1981. "Specification Tests for the Multinominal Logit Model," Working papers 292, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Manuel Arellano & Olympia Bover, 2002. "Learning about migration decisions from the migrants: Using complementary datasets to model intra-regional migrations in Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 357-380.
  7. Hughes, Gordon & McCormick, Barry, 1981. "Do Council Housing Policies Reduce Migration between Regions?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 91(364), pages 919-37, December.
  8. Antolin, Pablo & Bover, Olympia, 1997. "Regional Migration in Spain: The Effect of Personal Characteristics and of Unemployment, Wage and House Price Differentials Using Pooled Cross-Sections," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 59(2), pages 215-35, May.
  9. Olympia Bover & Pilar García-Perea & Pedro Portugal, 2000. "Labour market outliers: Lessons from Portugal and Spain," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 15(31), pages 379-428, October.
  10. Henley, Andrew, 1998. "Residential Mobility, Housing Equity and the Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 414-27, March.
  11. Mincer, Jacob, 1978. "Family Migration Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
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