Elite Rule and the Resource Curse: Obstacles to Local Development in the Philippines
AbstractSpatial socio-economic imbalances represent a major obstacle to development in the Philippines. In the last decades, only a few provinces narrowed the gap to the Philippine average per capita income. Cebu Province in the Central Visayas Region belongs to the “success stories”, as it quickly industrialized after the Marcos era. In contrast, the neighboring province Leyte in Eastern Visayas remained oriented to natural resource extraction causing real income to stagnate. A major reason for this diverging development path can be found in differing local elite structures, which emerged as a result of different historical experiences. The elite in Cebu invested into non-natural resource sectors due to the relative resource scarcity of the island after the province’s opening to the world market at the end of the nineteenth century. This created oligopolistic competition between elite families, as no family could dominate its rivals. This competition forced elites to take more development-friendly decisions to win over the electorate. In Leyte, on the contrary, the resource abundance became a ‘curse’. Competition within the Leyte elite remained low, as a few families enjoyed monopolistic political control over the island during important phases of the twentieth century. This kept the local elite from diversifying its investments into services or industry and cemented a local resource-dependent rent economy.
Download InfoTo our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg in its journal Südostasien aktuell - Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs.
Volume (Year): 26 (2007)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Neuer Jungfernstieg 21, D-20354 Hamburg
Phone: +49 (0)40 42825-593
Fax: +49 (0)40 42825-547
Web page: http://www.currentsoutheastasianaffairs.org
More information through EDIRC
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marco Bünte) or (Howard Loewen) The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Howard Loewen to update the entry or send us the correct address.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.