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Evaluating Sustainability and Democracy in the Development of Industrial Port Cities: Some Italian Cases

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  • Raffaele Attardi

    ()
    (University “Federico II” of Naples, Department of Conservation of Architectural and Environmental Heritage, Via Roma 402, Naples, Italy)

  • Alessandro Bonifazi

    ()
    (Polytechnic of Bari, Via Orabona 4, Bari, Italy)

  • Carmelo M. Torre

    ()
    (Polytechnic of Bari, Via Orabona 4, Bari, Italy)

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    Abstract

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a major policy evaluation tool, for institutional processes, when they need to cope with fundamental risks, give voice to non-human agents, manage commons, and address environmental justice. The interplay of SEA with planning, unravels key issues and criticalities in both urban governance and environmental democracy. How can evaluation be developed to support the process? Structured evaluation methods applied in environmental assessment are maybe not sufficient to solve complex social conflicts. We point out some key reflections with the aim of opening up the discussion, by taking the case study of the environmental assessment of pollutant activities in the main industrial port cities of Southern Italy. They represent, at the moment, the most significant social criticality in our country, related to the interplay between environmental assessment and risk for labor. The paper focuses on the case study by mentioning the evolution of some thoughts about the red stripe that links sustainability, environmental democracy, and social evaluation, and illustrates the issues of these aspects in the case study, with the aim of underlining the difficulty of environmental assessment tools as a major support for planning processes, when social conflicts arise.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 11 (November)
    Pages: 3042-3065

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:11:p:3042-3065:d:21387

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    Related research

    Keywords: social conflict; post normality; Strategic Environmental Assessment; industrial port cities; SEA; environmental democracy;

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    1. Luigi Fusco Girard & Pasquale Toro, 2007. "Integrated spatial assessment: a multicriteria approach to sustainable development of cultural and environmental heritage in San Marco dei Cavoti, Italy," Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 281-299, September.
    2. Munda, Giuseppe, 2004. "Social multi-criteria evaluation: Methodological foundations and operational consequences," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 158(3), pages 662-677, November.
    3. Funtowicz, Silvio O. & Ravetz, Jerome R., 1994. "The worth of a songbird: ecological economics as a post-normal science," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 197-207, August.
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