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A Three Level Framework for Closed-Loop Supply Chain Management—Linking Society, Chain and Actor Level


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  • Romy Morana

    (Department of Corporate Environmental Information Technology, HTW-University of Applied Sciences Berlin, Wilhelminenhofstraße 75A, 12459 Berlin, Germany)

  • Stefan Seuring

    (Department of International Management, University of Kassel, Steinstr. 19, 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany)

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    Supply chain management and closed-loop supply chain management (CLSCM) have developed into established concepts in recent years. The related material cycles and product returns form an important part of all related processes with high potential for reducing environmental burden. The paper proposes a framework for (environmentally triggered) closed-loop supply chain management, spanning three different levels: the societal or governance, the chain and the actor level. Within each level, a set of activities or processes can be identified. Taken together, the levels allow a comprehensive analysis of a closed-loop supply chain system. This is illustrated building on two case studies in the textile and apparel industry, where closed-loop supply chains have been designed to take specific apparel products back. The case studies are analyzed against all three levels and allow exemplification of related challenges and interrelations among the three levels. The three levels contribute to the further comprehension of the multiple issues having to be taken into account for successfully implementing closed-loop supply chains.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 4 (April)
    Pages: 678-691

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2011:i:4:p:678-691:d:12113

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    Keywords: closed-loop supply chain management; sustainability; product returns; closed-loop economy; supply chain governance;

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    1. Bloemhof-Ruwaard, Jacqueline M. & van Beek, Paul & Hordijk, Leen & Van Wassenhove, Luk N., 1995. "Interactions between operational research and environmental management," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 229-243, September.
    2. Claribel Müller & Walter J. V. Vermeulen & Pieter Glasbergen, 2009. "Perceptions on the demand side and realities on the supply side: a study of the South African table grape export industry," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 295-310.
    3. Ezutah Udoncy Olugu & Kuan Yew Wong & Awaludin Mohamed Shaharoun, 2010. "A Comprehensive Approach in Assessing the Performance of an Automobile Closed-Loop Supply Chain," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(4), pages 871-889, March.
    4. Ari Paloviita, 2010. "Consumers’ Sustainability Perceptions of the Supply Chain of Locally Produced Food," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(6), pages 1492-1509, June.
    5. Walter J. V. Vermeulen & P. J. Ras, 2006. "The challenge of greening global product chains: meeting both ends," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 245-256.
    6. Marisa P. De Brito & Erwin A. Van der Laan, 2010. "Supply Chain Management and Sustainability: Procrastinating Integration in Mainstream Research," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(4), pages 859-870, March.
    7. Patroklos Georgiadis & Maria Besiou, 2009. "Environmental Strategies for Electrical and Electronic Equipment Supply Chains: Which to Choose?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(3), pages 722-733, September.
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    Cited by:
    1. Wei He & Si-Hua Chen, 2014. "Game Analysis of Determinants of Stability of Semiconductor Modular Production Networks," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(8), pages 4772-4794, July.


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