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Sustainability Assessment of a Biorefinery Complex in Thailand

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  • Shabbir H. Gheewala

    ()
    (The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok, 10140, Thailand
    Center for Energy Technology and Environment, Ministry of Education, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand)

  • Sébastien Bonnet

    ()
    (The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok, 10140, Thailand
    Center for Energy Technology and Environment, Ministry of Education, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand)

  • Kritana Prueksakorn

    ()
    (The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok, 10140, Thailand
    Center for Energy Technology and Environment, Ministry of Education, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand)

  • Pariyapat Nilsalab

    ()
    (The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok, 10140, Thailand
    Center for Energy Technology and Environment, Ministry of Education, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand)

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    Abstract

    In this paper, a biorefinery complex in Thailand was assessed vis-à-vis sustainability. The complex studied includes plantations of sugarcane and a biorefinery system composed of several units including, a sugar mill, power plant, ethanol factory and fertilizer plant. The assessment aimed at evaluating the environmental and socio-economic implications relating to molasses-based ethanol production and use, and maximized utilization of the biomass materials produced as part of the biorefinery complex. Global warming potential, human development index and total value added are the three indicators that were selected to perform the assessment. The results obtained revealed that the maximization of biomass utilization at the level of the biorefinery complex provide greenhouse gases emissions reduction benefits, enhanced living conditions for sugarcane farmers and employees of the biorefinery, and economic benefits, particularly with regard to profit and income generation. These results could serve as a first step to further improve and design indicators for sustainability assessment of biomass utilization.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 3 (March)
    Pages: 518-530

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2011:i:3:p:518-530:d:11754

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    Related research

    Keywords: sustainability; biorefinery; Thailand;

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    1. Silalertruksa, Thapat & Gheewala, Shabbir H., 2009. "Environmental sustainability assessment of bio-ethanol production in Thailand," Energy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(11), pages 1933-1946.
    2. Silalertruksa, Thapat & Gheewala, Shabbir H. & Sagisaka, Masayuki, 2009. "Impacts of Thai bio-ethanol policy target on land use and greenhouse gas emissions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 86(Supplemen), pages S170-S177, November.
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