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Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review

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  • Charles H. K. Lam

    ()
    (Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

  • Alvin W. M. Ip

    ()
    (Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

  • John Patrick Barford

    ()
    (Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

  • Gordon McKay

    ()
    (Department of Chemical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

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    Abstract

    This study reviews the characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ashes, with a main focus on the chemical properties of the ashes. Furthermore, the possible treatment methods for the utilization of ash, namely, separation processes, solidification/stabilization and thermal processes, are also discussed. Seven types of MSWI ash utilization are reviewed, namely, cement and concrete production, road pavement, glasses and ceramics, agriculture, stabilizing agent, adsorbents and zeolite production. The practical use of MSWI ash shows a great contribution to waste minimization as well as resources conservation.

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    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/7/1943/pdf
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    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/2/7/1943/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 7 (July)
    Pages: 1943-1968

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:7:p:1943-1968:d:8861

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    Web page: http://www.mdpi.com/

    Related research

    Keywords: municipal solid waste; fly ash; incineration; waste management; waste utilization; hazardous waste;

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