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Temporal and Spatial Analysis of Integrated Energy and Environment Efficiency in China Based on a Green GDP Index

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  • Weibin Lin

    ()
    (School of Economics and Resource Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)

  • Jin Yang

    ()
    (School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    China Energy Research Society, Beijing 100045, China)

  • Bin Chen

    ()
    (School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    China Energy Research Society, Beijing 100045, China)

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    Abstract

    China is experiencing a high speed economic development which may exert great pressure on the environment and energy systems. To measure the environmental and energy performance during the economic development process, this paper selected 30 provinces, cities or autonomous regions as the decision making unit (DMU), and proposed a Green GDP index (GGI) in view of energy intensity and pollution intensity using the generalized Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method, and the developing trends of integrated energy and environment efficiency of DMUs from 2006 to 2010 are also demonstrated by the Malmquist index. Results show that the integrated energy and environment efficiency varies for each DMU. GGI were both 1 in Beijing and Shanghai. GGI values for the developed cities in Eastern China, such as Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Tianjin, Jiangsu, and Hainan, ranked high, while those in the Northeast and Middle China remained relatively low. Moreover, there is a positive relationship between the GGI and per capita GDP with a correlation coefficient of 0.75. Increases in GGI are also observed in the results, representing great achievements are acquired in energy conservation and emission reduction. However, the GGIs do not converge to the green frontier across the provinces.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Energies.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 1376-1390

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:4:y:2011:i:9:p:1376-1390:d:13917

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    Keywords: integrated energy and environment efficiency; green GDP index; data envelopment analysis; Malmquist index;

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