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The role of retail banking in the U.S. banking industry: risk, return, and industry structure

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Author Info

  • Timothy Clark
  • Astrid Dick
  • Beverly Hirtle
  • Kevin Stiroh
  • Robard Williams

Abstract

The U.S. banking industry is experiencing a renewed interest in retail banking, broadly defined as the range of products and services provided to consumers and small businesses. This article documents the “return to retail” in the U.S. banking industry and offers some insight into why the shift has occurred. At the bank level, the principal attraction of retail banking seems to be the belief that its revenues are stable and thus can offset volatility in nonretail businesses. At the industry level, the authors show that interest in retail activities fluctuates in rather predictable ways with the performance of nonretail banking and financial market activities. They document the features that the recent “return to retail” has in common with past cycles, but also identify factors suggesting that this episode may be more persistent. The most important of these factors is the role of large banks: this retail banking cycle is being driven almost entirely by the very largest U.S. banking firms. The key role of very large banks gives extra weight to this retail banking episode.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of New York in its journal Economic Policy Review.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): Dec ()
Pages: 39-56

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fednep:y:2007:i:dec:p:39-56:n:v.13no.3

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Related research

Keywords: Banks and banking - Customer services ; Bank profits ; Business cycles ; Bank size ; Commercial loans ; Consumer credit;

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Cited by:
  1. Barry Williams & Laurie Prather, 2010. "Bank risk and return: the impact of bank non-interest income," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 6(3), pages 220-244, July.
  2. Fernando Alvarez & Andrew Atkeson & Chris Edmond, 2009. "Sluggish Responses of Prices and Inflation to Monetary Shocks in an Inventory Model of Money Demand," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 124(3), pages 911-967, August.
  3. Hamid Mehran & Joshua Rosenberg, 2007. "The effect of employee stock options on bank investment choice, borrowing, and capital," Staff Reports 305, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  4. Goddard, John & McKillop, Donal & Wilson, John O.S., 2008. "The diversification and financial performance of US credit unions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1836-1849, September.
  5. World Bank, 2007. "Brazil : The Industry Structure of Banking Services," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7668, The World Bank.
  6. Andrew Cohen & Michael Mazzeo, 2010. "Investment Strategies and Market Structure: An Empirical Analysis of Bank Branching Decisions," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 1-21, August.
  7. Hsu, Sara, 2012. "The US financial system, the great recession, and the “speculative spread”," MPRA Paper 38478, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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