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Do ethnic enclaves and networks promote immigrant self-employment?

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  • Maude Toussaint-Comeau
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    Abstract

    The author assesses how ethnic enclaves and networks affect the self-employment decisions of immigrants in the U.S. She finds that ethnic networks play a positive role in the likelihood that immigrants will choose self-employment as an alternative to wage employment. However, there is no clear impact of ethnic geographical concentrations on the self-employment decision.

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    File URL: http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2008/ep_4qtr2008_part3_toussaint.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago in its journal Economic Perspectives.

    Volume (Year): (2008)
    Issue (Month): Q IV ()
    Pages: 30-50

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    Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhep:y:2008:i:qiv:p:30-50:n:v.32no.4

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    Related research

    Keywords: Immigrants ; Self-employed;

    References

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    1. Case, A.C. & Katz, L.F., 1991. "The Company You Keep: The Effects Of Family And Neighborhood On Disadvantaged Younths," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1555, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    2. Fairlie, Robert, 2014. "Ethnic and Racial Self-Employment Differences and Possible Explanations," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt24p7v6gc, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
    3. Cressy, Robert, 1996. "Are Business Startups Debt-Rationed?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(438), pages 1253-70, September.
    4. George J. Borjas, 1997. "To Ghetto or Not to Ghetto: Ethnicity and Residential Segregation," NBER Working Papers 6176, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Clark, Kenneth & Drinkwater, Stephen, 2000. "Pushed out or pulled in? Self-employment among ethnic minorities in England and Wales," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 603-628, September.
    6. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-27, August.
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