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Aposentadoria, Pressão Salarial e Desemprego por Nível de Qualificação

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  • Mauricio Cortez Reis
  • José Márcio Camargo

Abstract

During the 90?s the unemployment rate and the household retirement income percapita rose sharply in Brazil. It happened in a more intense way for the unskilledworkers than for the other groups. According to the argument of this paper, theincrease in household retirement income could have affected workers reservationwage, augmenting their wage pressure. In this way, wage pressure changes could haveimplied in higher unemployment and long-term unemployment rates. The empiricalevidence, using the Brazilian Natioanl Household Sample Survey [Pesquisa Nacionalpor Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD)] data from 1981 to 1999, shows that thehousehold retirement income has a positive effect on the unemployment rate and onthe long-term unemployment rate for unskilled workers.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its journal Revista Brasileira de Economia.

Volume (Year): 62 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (November)
Pages: 299-331

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Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgrbe:v:62:n:3:a:4

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  1. Stephen Machin & Alan Manning, 1998. "The Causes and Consequences of Long-Term Unemployment in Europe," CEP Discussion Papers dp0400, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Nickell, Stephen J, 1979. "Estimating the Probability of Leaving Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1249-66, September.
  3. Atkinson, Anthony B & Micklewright, John, 1991. "Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 1679-1727, December.
  4. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, December.
  5. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, October.
  6. Moffitt, Robert, 1993. "Identification and estimation of dynamic models with a time series of repeated cross-sections," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 59(1-2), pages 99-123, September.
  7. Arulampalam, Wiji & Stewart, Mark B, 1995. "The Determinants of Individual Unemployment Durations in an Era of High Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(429), pages 321-32, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Pedro Rodrigues de OLIVEIRA & Ana Lúcia KASSOUF, 2012. "Impact Evaluation of the Brazilian Non-Contributory Pension Program Benefício de Prestação Continuada (BPC) on Family Welfare," Working Papers PIERI 2012-12, PEP-PIERI.

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