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Gender differences in exit rates from unemployment: evidence from

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Author Info

  • Maria Teresa Gonzalo

    (University of Valencia, Dpto. Análisis Económico, Spain)

  • Jan Saarela

    (Åbo Akademi University, Finland)

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    Abstract

    Exit rates from unemployment are analysed by distinguishing two destinations: employment and non-participation. Unlike most of the earlier empirical Finnish studies of transitions from unemployment, we allow for different behaviour of males and females. A database constructed from three register data files of the Employment Service of Vasa in 1996 is used. Results of the estimated duration models suggest that gender differences are foremost due to the closer attachment of men to the labour market, the family responsibilities affecting women, and the traditional gender structure of the Finnish labour market. Our results show that drawing conclusions when gender differences are not considered can lead to misperceptions.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Finnish Economic Association in its journal Finnish Economic Papers.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 (Autumn)
    Pages: 129-139

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    Handle: RePEc:fep:journl:v:13:y:2000:i:2:p:129-139

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    1. Wadsworth, J., 1989. "Unemployment Benefits And Search Effort In The Uk Labour Market," Papers 333, London School of Economics - Centre for Labour Economics.
    2. Nickell, Stephen J, 1979. "Estimating the Probability of Leaving Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1249-66, September.
    3. Ondrich, Jan I, 1985. "The Initial Conditions Problem in Work History Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 441-21, August.
    4. Narendranathan, W. & Stewart, M.B., 1989. "Modelling The Probability Of Leaving Unemployment: Competing Risks Models With Flexible Baseline Hazards," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 331, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    5. Maria Teresa Gonzalo, 1998. "Job exit of men: new job destination versus unemployment destination," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(9), pages 1231-1238.
    6. Lancaster, Tony, 1979. "Econometric Methods for the Duration of Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 939-56, July.
    7. Korpi, Tomas, 1995. "Effects of Manpower Policies on Duration Dependence in Re-employment Rates: The Example of Sweden," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 62(247), pages 353-71, August.
    8. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-79, June.
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