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Macroeconomic Factors Affecting Budget Deficit in Pakistan: A Time Series Analysis

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  • Ayesha Mushtaq

    (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan)

  • Khalid Zaman

    (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan)

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    Abstract

    The objective of the study is to empirically investigate the relationship between budget deficit and macroeconomic factors i.e., financial development indicator, economic growth, changes in price level and real exchange rate, by using data from1980-2011 for Pakistan. The results reveal that there is a positive and significant relationship between real effective exchange rate and budget deficit on one hand, while economic growth and financial development indicator with reference to budget deficit on the other hand. Changes in price level have a significant and negative relationship with the budget deficit in Pakistan.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Saphira Publishing House in its journal Oeconomics of Knowledge.

    Volume (Year): 5 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October)
    Pages: 17-33

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    Handle: RePEc:eok:journl:v:5:y:2013:i:4:p:17-33

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    1. Jamaleddin Mohseni Zonuzi & Mahnaz S.Hashemi Pourvaladi & Nasrin Faraji, 2011. "The Relationship between Budget Deficit and Inflation in Iran," Iranian Economic Review, Economics faculty of Tehran university, vol. 16(1), pages 117-133, winter.
    2. Lin, Hsin-Yi & Chu, Hao-Pang, 2013. "Are fiscal deficits inflationary?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 214-233.
    3. Kahnim Farajova, 2011. "Budget Deficit and Macroeconomics Fundamentals: The case of Azerbaijan," International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research (IJESAR), Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Kavala, Greece, vol. 4(2), pages 143-158, August.
    4. Tanzi, Vito, 1982. "Fiscal disequilibrium in developing countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 10(12), pages 1069-1082, December.
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